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Associations of fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) and CCR5 gene variants with hypertension, diabetes and atherosclerosis in chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis

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We aimed to investigate the associations of fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) V249I, T280M and CCR5-59029 A/G gene polymorphisms in chronic renal failure (CRF) subjects undergoing hemodialysis and to evaluate possible associations of these polymorphisms with hypertension (HT), diabetes mellitus (DM) and atherosclerosis (AS).


A total of 225 CRF subjects undergoing hemodialysis and 201 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. CRF subjects were divided into three major subgroups according to comorbidities including HT (n = 127), DM (n = 65) and AS (n = 33). Genotyping was done using polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism method.


The II genotype and I allele frequencies of CX3CR1 V249I polymorphism were found significantly more frequent in CRF subjects, CRF subjects with DM and CRF subjects with AS compared with controls (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). G allele frequency of CCR5 polymorphism was found significantly more prevalent in CRF subjects with DM than that of controls. Further, GG genotype and G allele frequencies of CCR5 polymorphism were significantly more prevalent in CRF subjects with AS compared with controls (p < 0.05). We also explored these polymorphisms among CRF subjects with and without following comorbidities: HT, DM, AS. We found significant association between CRF subjects with HT and without HT in terms of genotype and allele frequencies of V249I polymorphism (p < 0.05). CX3CR1 T280M polymorphism was not found significantly different in none of the comparisons.


These data demonstrate possible associations between CX3CR1 V249I and CCR5-59029 A/G polymorphisms and/or HT, DM and AS in CRF subjects.

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Correspondence to Binnur Bagci.

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All of the authors of the current study declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

Local ethics committee approval was obtained from Clinical Research Ethics Committee of Cumhuriyet University, Sivas, Turkey. All procedures performed in the current study have been done in accordance with the ethical standards of the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

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All subjects and control subjects gave a written informed consent to participate in the current study.

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Bagci, B., Bagci, G., Huzmeli, C. et al. Associations of fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) and CCR5 gene variants with hypertension, diabetes and atherosclerosis in chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis. Int Urol Nephrol 48, 1163–1170 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11255-016-1293-0

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  • Chronic renal failure
  • CCR5
  • CX3CR1
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Polymorphism