International Urology and Nephrology

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 99–106 | Cite as

Relationship between serum fibroblast growth factor-23 level and mortality in chronic hemodialysis patients

  • Himiko Sugimoto
  • Tetsuya Ogawa
  • Yuko Iwabuchi
  • Kuniaki Otsuka
  • Kosaku Nitta
Nephrology - Original Paper

Abstract

Background

Fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) is a phosphate-regulating hormone and is found to be markedly increased in patients with chronic kidney disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between serum FGF23 levels and mortality, including the impact of gender and cardiovascular disease (CVD), in a Japanese cohort of chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients.

Methods

Ninety-two maintenance dialysis patients (58 men; mean age 60.3 years) were included. Serum intact FGF23, calcium, phosphate, albumin, intact parathyroid hormone (PTH), and C-reactive protein were measured at baseline. CVD was defined as clinical symptoms and/or a history of CVD.

Results

During a median follow-up time of 53.2 months, 24 patients (26 %) died. Serum FGF23 levels were positively correlated with serum levels of calcium (r = 0.5433, P < 0.0001), phosphate (r = 0.5048, P < 0.0001), calcium × phosphate product (r = 0.6801, P < 0.0001), and intact PTH (r = 0.2710, P = 0.0090) (r = 0.27, P < 0.0001). In Cox proportional hazard models, serum FGF23 level was not associated with increased mortality risk, neither in crude nor in multivariate-adjusted models. However, in a subgroup analysis of women with previous CVD, serum FGF23 level above median was associated with higher cardiovascular event risk in crude models (hazard ratio 9.52, 95 % confidence interval 1.56–86.11, P = 0.0129). Kaplan–Meier analysis stratifying for the presence of CVD demonstrated a significant higher mortality risk in patients with history of CVD and higher serum FGF23 levels (P < 0.0001).

Conclusion

Serum FGF23 level was not associated with increased mortality risk in this cohort of prevalent HD patients. These results suggest that the impact of FGF23 on mortality may be modified by gender and previous CVD and is blunted in the grade of hyperphosphatemia.

Keywords

Chronic kidney disease Hemodialysis Fibroblast growth factor-23 Mortality Cardiovascular disease 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Himiko Sugimoto
    • 1
  • Tetsuya Ogawa
    • 2
  • Yuko Iwabuchi
    • 1
  • Kuniaki Otsuka
    • 2
  • Kosaku Nitta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Kidney CenterTokyo Women’s Medical UniversityShinjuku-kuJapan
  2. 2.Department of Medicine, Medical Center EastTokyo Women’s Medical UniversityArakawa-kuJapan

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