International Urology and Nephrology

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 1241–1250 | Cite as

Serum and urine cystatin C levels in children with post-pyelonephritic renal scarring: a pilot study

  • Hüray Islekel
  • Alper Soylu
  • Zekiye Altun
  • Uluç Yis
  • Mehmet Turkmen
  • Salih Kavukcu
Original Article



We aimed to investigate in children with a history of acute pyelonephritis the influence of unilateral post-pyelonephritic renal scarring detected by DMSA scan on serum (SCysC) and urine cystatin C (UCysC) as well as upon other traditional markers of renal damage.


Children with DMSA proven pyelonephritis (n = 28) were grouped as either scar [+] (n = 19, unilateral renal scarring) or scar [−] (no scarring, n = 9). The scar [+] group was further divided into scar-1 (differential DMSA uptake, ΔDMSA ≤ 10%; n = 8) and scar-2 (ΔDMSA > 10%, n = 11) subgroups. SCysC, serum creatinine, urine NAG, microalbumin, protein, fractional sodium excretion (FENa), tubular phosphate reabsorption (TPR), and UCysC/Cr were evaluated in all patients.


Neither SCysC nor UCysC were affected by age, height, and weight. scar [+] versus scar [−] groups and scar-1 versus scar-2 subgroups were not different with regard to all studied parameters. SCysC did not increase in children with post-pyelonephritic unilateral renal scarring. However, 11 children with slightly increased (>0.95 mg/l) SCysC levels in scar [+] group tended to have higher ΔDMSA, albeit not significantly. Furthermore, UCysC/Cr correlated well with urine microalbumin, NAG, and FENa in all children and the scar [+] group (P < 0.05).


SCysC and UCysC did not differ among pediatric patients with and without unilateral post-pyelonephritic renal scarring. However, ΔDMSA uptake between the two kidneys tended to be raised in children with SCysC levels higher than the reference ranges. Additionally, UCysC/Cr exhibits parallelism with tubular functions.


DMSA Glomerular filtration rate Pyelonephritis Renal scarring Serum cystatin C Tubular functions Urinary cystatin C 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hüray Islekel
    • 1
  • Alper Soylu
    • 2
  • Zekiye Altun
    • 1
  • Uluç Yis
    • 2
  • Mehmet Turkmen
    • 2
  • Salih Kavukcu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryDokuz Eylül University School of MedicineIzmirTurkey
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsDokuz Eylül University School of MedicineIzmirTurkey

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