Long Term Follow Up of Men with Alfuzosin who Voided Successfully Following Acute Urinary Retention*
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Introduction Acute urinary retention (AUR) is one of the commonest causes of admission in urology ward and successful voiding with α-blockers has been reported. However, long-term efficacy of Alfuzosin, following an episode of AUR is lacking. This is a continuation of our earlier reported study. We report the results of a 4 year follow-up on patients who were on Alfuzosin SR 5 mg BD, following resumption of voiding after an episode of AUR. Patients and methods A total of 33 patients voided successfully following AUR in our original study. These patients continued on Alfuzosin SR 5 mg BD and were assessed at 2 and 4 years. Symptomatic assessment was performed with IPSS and QOL symptom score and objective assessment was with urinary flow rate and post void residual volume. Patients who continued to deteriorate symptomatically and objectively or developed further AUR were listed for surgery. Results Out of 33 patients, 28 patients were followed up at 2 years (three patients died due to various medical reasons and two did not attend for follow-up). Nineteen patients (68%) underwent transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) for severe lower urinary tract symptom (LUTS) .The mean peak flow rate at 2 years was 8.4 ml/s and the mean residual volume was 112 ml. Ten patients attended for follow up at 4 years. The mean flow rate was 5.17 ml/s and the mean post-void residual volume was 101 ml. Four patients underwent TURP for severe outflow symptoms. At 4 years follow up 24 out of 30 patients (80%) on Alfuzosin needed TURP. Conclusions These data do not support the long term use of α-blockers in patients who voided successfully after acute urinary retention.
KeywordsAcute urinary retention α-Blockers Trial without catheter
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