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Urban Ecosystems

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 1139–1149 | Cite as

Reducing management intensity and isolation as promising tools to enhance ground-dwelling arthropod diversity in urban grasslands

  • Sascha BuchholzEmail author
  • Karsten Hannig
  • Maria Möller
  • Jens Schirmel
Article

Abstract

Urbanisation is a growing global phenomenon having multiple ecological consequences. However, the effects of urbanisation on biodiversity remain ambiguous, and some evidence exists that cities provide valuable secondary habitats for many species, possibly mitigating regional biodiversity loss. Therefore, the value of urban sites for biodiversity depends on local habitat conditions and the configuration of the surrounding landscape. We aimed to disentangle the effects of local habitat parameters (management, plant diversity) and urban matrix variables (urbanisation, isolation) on carabid beetle and spider diversity and traits in informal urban green spaces in Berlin, Germany. Habitat management and isolation were the most important influences on carabid beetle and spider species and trait compositions. Spider communities of irregular managed sites contained 2.5 times more species of conservation concern than extensive (regular) managed sites. Moreover, irregular managed sites contained larger species (both for carabid beetles and spiders) and affected the hunting mode of spiders. Isolated sites tended to have lower spider species richness and number of spider species of conservation concern. Moreover, isolated sites were characterised by small, mobile and herbivorous carabid beetles. In contrast, urbanisation and local plant diversity had no effect on carabid beetles and spiders. We conclude that urban grasslands within residential areas – even if not targeted for conservation plans – can provide important habitats for conserving biodiversity, including species of conservation concern. Reducing the intensity of habitat management and increasing the connectivity of urban grassland sites can promote diverse arthropod communities and should therefore be considered in urban planning.

Keywords

Biological traits Carabid beetles Functional ecology Habitat filter Spiders Urbanisation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt for permission to collect carabids and spiders and the Bezirksamt Marzahn-Hellersdorf, Abteilung für Ökologische Stadtentwicklung and Stadt und Land Wohnbauten for providing study sites. We also thank Stefan Siegl for conducting field work. Finally, we give thanks to Julia Eichfeld, Leonie Fischer and Moritz von der Lippe for sharing site data and providing valuable information on study sites. Finally, we appreciate the effort of two anonymous reviewers whose recommendations significantly improved this text. SB was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF within the Collaborative Project “Bridging in Biodiversity Science-BIBS” (funding number 01LC1501A-H).

Supplementary material

11252_2018_786_MOESM1_ESM.docx (287 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 286 kb)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Ecology, Ecosystem Science/Plant EcologyTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Berlin-Brandenburg Institute of Advanced Biodiversity Research (BBIB)BerlinGermany
  3. 3.WaltropGermany
  4. 4.Zoological Institute and MuseumUniversity of GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany
  5. 5.Institute for Environmental SciencesUniversity of Koblenz-LandauLandauGermany

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