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Urban Ecosystems

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 775–785 | Cite as

Distribution of local plant knowledge in a recently urbanized area (Campeche District, Florianópolis, Brazil)

  • Elisa Serena Gandolfo
  • Natalia HanazakiEmail author
Article

Abstract

All over the world, coastal villages are changing rapidly due to the increasing pressures from tourism and urbanization. In this study we investigate ethnobotanical knowledge of current residents of Campeche District, a coastal area that has undergone a rapid process of urbanization, related to 13 native plant species. We also discuss how residents understand and conceptualize the term ‘restinga’, which corresponds to the areas of native vegetation still found at the study site. We interviewed 176 residents in four strata according to time of residence in the district: 0–9 years, 10-19 years, 20-29 years and +30 years, corresponding to the periods of most accentuated demographic growth in the area. Psidium guajava and Eugenia uniflora were the most known, recognized and used plants by respondents. Plant recognition, naming and known uses are strongly correlated; yet there was no difference related to the age of respondents. The only stratum with significant differences in the number of plants named, known and used is the +30 year of residence time, not related to the age of respondents. Explanations given by respondents for the definition of ‘restinga’ were grouped into: vegetation, physical space and ecosystem. Most answers associated ‘restinga’ to vegetation. Knowledge on local flora is affected by the increased amount of migrants and the rapid urbanization in the district during the last 30 years.

Keywords

Traditional ecological knowledge Ethnobotany Migrations Checklist Restinga 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior for E.S.G. masters’scholarships and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico for N.H. research productivity scholarship (306895/2009-9). Thanks to N. Tedy, M. Giraldi, V.D. Lacerda, T.M. Ribeiro, I.M.Martins, L. Kumagai, G. Broering, L. Zampieri and J.F. Calado for assisting in data collection; and to N. Peroni, M.S. Reis, T.M.Miranda and A.J. Mello for critical suggestions in previous versions of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Santa CatarinaGaropabaBrazil
  2. 2.Human Ecology and Ethnobotany Laboratory, Department of Ecology and ZoologyFederal University of Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil

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