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Trees for urban environments in northern parts of Central Europe – a dendroecological study in north-east Romania and Republic of Moldavia

Abstract

A limited number of species and genera currently dominate the tree stock in streets and urban sites. There has been considerable and persistent argumentation for the necessity of using a more varied and stress-tolerant selection of tree species. This paper reports results from a dendroecological study of six steppe forest reserves in north-east Romania and in the adjacent part of the Republic of Moldavia, where water stress regimes during the growing season and winter temperatures are comparable to those of inner city environments in northern parts of Central Europe and adjoining milder parts of Northern Europe (CNE-region). In each forest reserve, tree growth patterns were studied in five 20 m × 20 m plots, resulting in a total of 30 plots with an allocated area of 1.2 hectares. For all trees, height and diameter were measured and related to tree age by coring in order to detect the species growth and performance in these sites. In total 23 tree species were found, 13 of which were represented by 25 or more individuals with documented good growth in the study plots. The majority of these 13 species have very limited use in urban greenery in the CNE-region today and thus have the potential to increase the species diversity of the current urban tree population through further selection work.

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Correspondence to Henrik Sjöman.

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Sjöman, H., Nielsen, A.B. & Oprea, A. Trees for urban environments in northern parts of Central Europe – a dendroecological study in north-east Romania and Republic of Moldavia. Urban Ecosyst 15, 267–281 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11252-011-0187-2

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Keywords

  • Dendroecology
  • Habitat studies
  • Site-adapted species use
  • Tree selection
  • Urban sites