Urban Ecosystems

, 11:269 | Cite as

City-wide relationships between green spaces, urban land use and topography

  • Richard G. Davies
  • Olga Barbosa
  • Richard A. Fuller
  • Jamie Tratalos
  • Nicholas Burke
  • Daniel Lewis
  • Philip H. Warren
  • Kevin J. Gaston
Article

Abstract

The growing proportion of human populations living in urban areas, and consequent trends of increasing urban expansion and densification fuel a need to understand how urban form and land use affect environmental quality, including the availability of urban green spaces. Here we use Sheffield as a case study of city-wide relationships between urban green space extent, quality (vegetation cover and tree-cover), and gradients in urban form and topography. The total area of buildings and length of the road network are equally strong negative predictors of extent of green space, while the former predictor is a more important negative influence upon green space quality. Elevation positively influences extent of green space but negatively influences tree-cover. In contrast, slope of terrain positively influences green space quality and is the best predictor of tree-cover. Overall housing density is a more important negative predictor of extent of green space and tree-cover than the densities of individual housing types. Nevertheless, the latter are more important influences upon levels of vegetation cover. Threshold effects of densities of different housing types suggest opportunities for optimising green space quality, with implications for housing policy. Variation in ecological quality of green space may partly reflect different historical intensities of industrial activity.

Keywords

Housing density Normalised difference vegetation index Tree-cover Topography Urban form 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank R. Bryant for technical advice. This work was supported by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (through the CityForm research consortium). Ordnance Survey kindly provided MasterMap data under license to the consortium. K.J.G. holds a Royal Society-Wolfson Research Merit Award.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard G. Davies
    • 1
    • 2
  • Olga Barbosa
    • 1
    • 3
  • Richard A. Fuller
    • 1
  • Jamie Tratalos
    • 1
  • Nicholas Burke
    • 4
  • Daniel Lewis
    • 4
  • Philip H. Warren
    • 1
  • Kevin J. Gaston
    • 1
  1. 1.Biodiversity and Macroecology Group, Department of Animal and Plant SciencesUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK
  2. 2.Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Conservation, School of Biological SciencesUniversity of East AngliaNorwichUK
  3. 3.Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad (IEB)SantiagoChile
  4. 4.Parks and Countryside Service, Trees and Woodlands SectionSheffield City CouncilSheffieldUK

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