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Is the Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ) a good predictor of academic achievement? Examining the mediating role of achievement-related classroom behaviours

Abstract

Studies have shown that the Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ)—which provides a measure of student approaches to learning—is a relatively weak predictor of academic achievement. The present study sought to explore whether students’ achievement-related classroom behaviours, as observed by teachers, can be used as a mediator between student approaches to learning and academic achievement. The SPQ was administered to 1,608 students enrolled in six different diploma programmes offered by a polytechnic in Singapore. Data were analysed by means of correlation and path analysis. In line with existing studies, the results revealed that student approaches to learning was a weak predictor of academic achievement. However, achievement-related classroom behaviours turned out to be a significant mediator between student approaches to learning and academic achievement, effectively doubling the explained variance in academic achievement. Implications of these findings for using the SPQ are discussed.

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Author information

Correspondence to Jeanette Lyn Fung Choy.

Appendix

Appendix

See Table 2.

Table 2 Rubric for teacher’s observation of student performance

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Choy, J.L.F., O’Grady, G. & Rotgans, J.I. Is the Study Process Questionnaire (SPQ) a good predictor of academic achievement? Examining the mediating role of achievement-related classroom behaviours. Instr Sci 40, 159–172 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11251-011-9171-8

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Keywords

  • Approaches to learning
  • Study process questionnaire
  • Achievement-related classroom behaviours
  • Student achievement
  • Structural equation modelling