Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 2559–2566 | Cite as

Effect of increasing dosage of a multi-mineral-vitamin supplement on productive performance and blood minerals of fattening male Ghezel × Afshar lambs

  • Mehdi Hossein YazdiEmail author
  • Ehsan Mahjoubi
  • Mehdi Kazemi-Bonchenari
  • Omid Afsarian
  • Amir Hossein Khaltabadi-Farahani
Regular Articles


This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of supplementation with different levels of mineral-vitamin supplement (MVS) on performance and health of fattening lambs. Thirty-nine fattening male Ghezel× Afshar lambs (averaging body weight 31.02 ± 3.46 kg) were used in a completely randomized design for a period of 84 days. Treatments consisted of 0 (CON), 15 (MVS15), or 30 (MVS30) g/day of MVS mixed into the concentrate. The results showed that inclusion of MVS in the ration linearly enhanced body weight (BW) on day 29 (P < 0.002), 45 (P = 0.05), and 70 (P < 0.002). Dry matter intake (DMI) was increased linearly (P < 0.02) and quadratically (P < 0.001) with increasing supplement between days 58 and 70. Overall DMI tended (P = 0.1) to be greater for the MVS 30 treatment. Total average daily gain (ADG), ADG between days 16 and 29, days 58 and 70, total gain: feed ratio, gain: feed ratio between days 16–29 and days 58–70 linearly increased with increasing amount of MVS in the ration (P < 0.01). The days with loose fecal scores were not affected by treatments (P > 0.05). There was a linear and quadratic (P < 0.01) effect on serum Ca concentration. Phosphorus concentration tended to quadratically increase (P = 0.06) with MVS. Blood serum Zn increased linearly (P = 0.01) with increasing level of MVS. Collectively, the results showed that, under the conditions of the current experiment, MVS addition to ration improved performance of fattening lambs.


Average daily gain Body weight Lamb Mineral-vitamin supplement 



The authors appreciate the staff of Experimental Farm in Gol-e-Reihan for their assistance in carrying out of this experiment. The financial support of project by Arak University is appreciated as well.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal ScienceArak UniversityArakIran
  2. 2.Department of Animal ScienceUniversity of ZanjanZanjanIran
  3. 3.Gol-e-Reihan Sheep FarmKhomeinIran

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