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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 2505–2511 | Cite as

Inclusion of licuri meal in the diet of pasture dairy cows

  • Evely Giovanna Leite CostaEmail author
  • Fabiano Ferreira da Silva
  • Robério Rodrigues Silva
  • Antonio Ferraz PortoJr.
  • Bismarck Moreira Santiago
  • Leone Campos Rocha
  • Aline Gonçalves Cruz
  • Anna Caroline Ferreira Guedes
  • Teotônio Martins Neto
  • Edvaldo Alves Vieira
Regular Articles

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the inclusion of increasing levels of licuri meal as a substitute for soybean bran in the diet of pasture-based dairy cows and its effects on the intake, nutrient digestibility, and milk production and composition. Eight crossbred Holstein/Zebu cows were used in two 4 × 4 Latin square plots. The diets contained increasing percentage of licuri meal (0.0, 4.16, 7.09, and 9.45%) in the total diet, replacing soybean bran. The inclusion of licuri meal in the diet affected total dry matter intake and dry matter intake in relation to body weight, which presented a quadratic effect. The same behavior was observed for the consumption of EE, CP, TDN, and NDFap. The NFC consumption showed a linear decrease with the addition of the by-product in the diet. There was no influence of the inclusion of the licuri meal on the digestibility of the DM, CP, NFC, and TDN, while the digestibility of the NDFap and EE presented increasing linear effect. There was a reduction of milk production and food efficiency with the inclusion of increasing levels of the meal. The fat content in milk showed a linear increasing effect. Ditto for cholesterol. It is recommended to include not more than 7.00% of licuri meal for lactating cows with an average production of 20 kg day−1.

Keywords

Animal production Brachiaria brizantha Microbial protein Syagrus coronata 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES) for their support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Procedures involving animals were approved by the Committee for Ethics in Animal Use, under the protocol number 151/2017 of the State University of Southwest of Bahia.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evely Giovanna Leite Costa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fabiano Ferreira da Silva
    • 1
  • Robério Rodrigues Silva
    • 1
  • Antonio Ferraz PortoJr.
    • 1
  • Bismarck Moreira Santiago
    • 1
  • Leone Campos Rocha
    • 1
  • Aline Gonçalves Cruz
    • 1
  • Anna Caroline Ferreira Guedes
    • 1
  • Teotônio Martins Neto
    • 1
  • Edvaldo Alves Vieira
    • 1
  1. 1.Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, UESBItapetingaBrazil

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