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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 2513–2519 | Cite as

Effect of diet composition on dry matter intake of dairy she-camels

  • F. LaamecheEmail author
  • A. Chehma
  • B. Faye
Regular Articles
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

The present paper aims to propose an evaluation of the ingestibility and selectivity of food items, as well as the effect of different levels of energetic supplementation and concentrate feed ingredients, on camels dry matter intake (DMI). With this goal, an experiment on six dairy she-camels receiving every 14–15 days a progressive high level of concentrates was conducted. During experimental periods, DMI ranged from 1.30 to 1.96 kg DMI per 100 kg of body weight (BW) was used. In an effort to examine the feeding behavior, a sign of reduced appetite was observed. Based on the results, it can be unveiled that as soon as the concentrate intake (CI) reached a quantity of 3.3 kg DM/d, which represented 51% of the total DM intake, the camels did not appear to ingest more exceedingly and their eating activity occurred in a distributed manner during daytime. Besides, an amount of concentrate supplements, which can characterize a high selectivity to fermentable carbohydrates, fed camels consumed dates, as well. In addition, food items such as corn, soybean meal, and dates that are rich in simple nutrient improved DMI. However, the statistical analysis did not reveal any statistically significant negative effect of concentrates on hay ingestion used in the experimental diets. Therefore, the intake of concentrates did not substitute the ingested amount of hay. Furthermore, the immense incorporation of dates and the increase in energy density of diet (DER) negatively affected the ingestion of hay.

Keywords

Appetite Dairy she-camel Energy density Hay Ingestibility Selectivity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We gratefully thank the farmers and stakeholders of Bazain Camel Dairy Project in Lachbour, Province of Ghardaia, who provided data and accepted feeding experimentation.

The authors would like also to acknowledge the valuable proofreading of Me Ouennas Sara, (Arb/En/Fr <-> Arb/En/Fr translator-interpreter and proofreader), which have improved the quality of this paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

Human and animal rights and informed consent

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The manuscript does not contain clinical studies or patient data. All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Saharan Bio-resources Preservation and ValorizationUniversity of Kasdi MerbahOuarglaAlgeria
  2. 2.Scientific and Technical Research Centre for Arid Areas (CRSTRA)BiskraAlgeria
  3. 3.Agricultural Research Centre for International Development CIRAD-EMVT, TA 30/AInternational campus de BaillarguetMontpellier-CedexFrance

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