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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 8, pp 2305–2313 | Cite as

Utilization of marine fisheries wastes for the production of the freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio

  • C. Muttharasi
  • T. MuralisankarEmail author
  • V. Uthayakumar
  • V. Gayathri
  • S. H. Thangal
  • K. Anandhan
Regular Articles
  • 101 Downloads

Abstract

The present study was aimed to assess the effects of complete replacement of fish meal with fisheries waste meals on survival, growth performance, digestive enzyme activities, and muscle compositions of the freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio. The proximate composition and mineral contents of three different fisheries wastes, such as Rastrelliger kanagurta, Sphyraena barracuda, and Fenneropenaeus indicus were analyzed. Based on the nutrient content of these fisheries waste, one control fish meal diet and three different complete fish meal replacement diets (diet 1, diet 2, and diet 3 formulated with R. kanagurta, S. barracuda, and F. indicus waste meals, respectively) were formulated. Fingerlings C. carpio were fed with these diets for a period of 6 weeks. Results from feeding experiments showed insignificant (p > 0.05) differences in survival, growth, and feed intake of C. carpio fed with control and three different fisheries waste diets. However, the digestive enzyme activity and muscle biochemical compositions were significantly (p < 0.05) altered in F. indicus waste meal fed C. carpio compared to other fisheries waste meal and control diets fed fish groups. Therefore, the present study suggests that R. kanagurta, S. barracuda, and F. indicus waste meals can be considered as alternative feed ingredients for fish meal to formulate low-cost feeds for C. carpio culture.

Keywords

Fish meal Cyprinus carpio Proximate composition Feed Fisheries waste Digestive enzymes 

Abbreviations

FWM

Fisheries waste(s) meals(s)

WM

Waste(s) meal(s)

WMD

Waste(s) meal(s) diet (s)

Notes

Funding information

The University Grants Commission (UGC), Government of India, New Delhi is gratefully acknowledged for the financial support provided in the form of BSR Start-Up Grant (No.F.30-354/2017) to the second author (TM) to establish the research lab facility.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical standards

The manuscript does not contain clinical studies or patient data.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Muttharasi
    • 1
  • T. Muralisankar
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. Uthayakumar
    • 2
  • V. Gayathri
    • 1
  • S. H. Thangal
    • 1
  • K. Anandhan
    • 1
  1. 1.Aquatic Ecology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, School of Life SciencesBharathiar UniversityCoimbatoreIndia
  2. 2.PG and Research Department of ZoologySri Vasavi CollegeErodeIndia

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