Effect of yeast products supplementation during transition period on metabolic profile and milk production in dairy cows
- 117 Downloads
The aim of the current study was to assess the effect that supplementation with yeast culture plus enzymatically hydrolyzed yeast (YC-EHY) during the transition period and lactation had on the performance, somatic cell count (SCC), and metabolic profile of dairy cows. Thirty multiparous Holstein dairy cows were divided into two groups. The treatments were 0 supplementation (control) and supplementation with 28 g/cow/day of YC-EHY. The supplementation began 35 ± 5 days before the expected calving date. The cows were kept in their respective treatments for 50 days after the calving date. Body condition score (BCS), body weight, milk composition, SCC, and milk yield were assessed on a 2-weekly basis. Plasma samples were collected on days − 21st, − 7th, 0, 3rd, 7th, and weekly thereafter until 42 days postpartum and analyzed for albumin, β-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA), urea, and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA). There was an effect of treatment on milk yield in the supplemented animals in comparison to the control group (27.88 ± 0.98 vs 24.58 ± 0.99 kg/days, P = 0.03). There was no effect of treatment (P > 0.05) on variables like 3.5% fat-corrected milk (FCM) and energy-corrected milk (ECM), milk component (%), milk composition yield (kg/day), and SCC. There was an interaction between group × days on ECM (P = 0.04) and protein (P = 0.008). The supplementation had no effect on the analyzed metabolites and on body weight and BCS. The supplementation with YC-EHY during the transition period and lactation improved milk yield without altering the metabolic profile.
KeywordsHydrolyzed yeast Metabolism Milk yield Transition period
We thank Granjas 4 Irmãos for use of their animals.
This study received financial support from Arm & Hammer Animal Nutrition (Princeton, NJ), Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) from the Brazilian Ministry of Education.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interests
The authors declare conflict of interest against Arm & Hammer Animal Nutrition.
All procedures performed in studies involving animals were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institution or practice at which the studies were conducted.
- Ali-Haimoud-Lekhal, D., Lescoat, P., Bayourthe, C. and Moncoulon R. 1999. Effets de Saccharomyces cerevisae et Aspergillus oryzae sur les performances zootechniques chez la vache laitiere: Etude bibliographique. Page 157 in 6emes Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants, Paris, France.Google Scholar
- Association Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 16th ed (Washington, DC).Google Scholar
- Association Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC), 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th ed (Washington, DC).Google Scholar
- Ayad, M.A., Benallou, B., Saim, M.S., Smadi, M.A. and Meziane, T. 2013. Impact of Feeding Yeast Culture on Milk Yield, Milk Components, and Blood Components in Algerian Dairy Herds, Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology, 4,135, ISSN: 2157-7579, DOI: https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7579.1000135.
- Bach, A., Iglesias, C. and M. Devant. 2007. Daily rumen pH pattern of loose-housed dairy cattle as affected by feeding pattern and live yeast supplementation. Animal Feed Science Technology, 136, 146–153.Google Scholar
- Ballou, M.A., Gomes, R.C., Juchem, S.O. and Depeters, E.J. 2009. Effects of dietary supplemental fish oil during the peripartum period on blood metabolites and hepatic fatty acid compositions and total triacylglycerol concentrations of multiparous Holstein cows, Journal of Dairy Science, 92, 657–669.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Beauchemin, K. A., Yang, W. Z., Morgavi, D. P., Ghorbani, G. R, Kautz, W. and Leedle, J. A. Z. 2003. Effects of bacterial direct fed microbials and yeast on site and extent of digestion, blood chemistry, and subclinical ruminal acidosis in feedlot cattle, Journal of Animal Science, 81, 1628–1640.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Caldeira, R.M. 2005. Monitorização da adequação do plano alimentar e do estado nutricional em ovelhas, Revista Portuguesa de Ciências Veterinárias, 100, 125–139.Google Scholar
- Church & Dwight Co., Inc. Arm & Hammer, Celmanax, RFC and Refined Functional Carbohydrates are trademarks of Church & Dwight Co. Available: https://ahanimalnutrition.com/-/media/spd/files/product-literature/dairy/celmanax/sds-info-sheets/celmanax_infosheet_web_1216.pdf. Accessed Oct, 23, 2018.
- Frame, J. 1981. Herbage mass. Sward measurement handbook, (Berkshire: Bristh Grassland Society).Google Scholar
- Friggens, N.C., Andersen, J.B., Larsen, T., Aaes, O. and Dewhurst, R.J. 2004. Priming the dairy cow for lactation: a review of dry cow feeding strategies, Animal Research, 53, 453–473.Google Scholar
- Jiang, Y., Ogunade, I. M., Qi, S., Hackmann, T.J., Staples, C.R., and Adesogan, A.T. 2017. Effects of the dose and viability of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. 1. Diversity of ruminal microbes as analyzed by Illumina MiSeq sequencing and quantitative PCR, Journal of Dairy Science, 100, 325–342.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Jouany, J. P., Mathieu, F., Senaud, J., Bohatier, J., Bertin, G. and Mercier, M. 1999. The effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Aspergillus oryzae on the digestion of the cell wall fraction of a mixed diet in defaunated and refaunated sheep rumen, Reproduction Nutrition Development, 38, 401–416.Google Scholar
- LeBlanc, S., 2010. Monitoring metabolic health of dairy cattle in the transition period, Journal of Reproduction and Development, 56, 29–35.Google Scholar
- NRC. 2001. Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. Seventh Revised Edition, (The National Academies Press, Washington, DC), 408.Google Scholar
- Poppy, G. D., Rabiee, A. R., Lean, I. J., Sanchez, W. K., Dorton, K. L. and Morley, P. S. 2012. A meta-analysis of the effects of feeding yeast culture produced by anaerobic fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on milk production of lactating dairy cows, Journal of Dairy Science, 95, 6027–6041.PubMedGoogle Scholar
- Ramsing, E. M., Davidson, J. A., French, P. D., Yoon, I., Keller, M. and Peters-Fleckenstein, H. 2009. Effects of yeast culture on peripartum intake and milk production of primiparous and multiparous Holstein cows, The Professional Animal Scientist, 25:487–495.Google Scholar
- Roche, J.R., Bell, A.W., Overton, T.R. and Loor, J.J. 2013. Nutritional management of the transition cow in the 21st century – a paradigm shift in thinking, Animal Production Science, 53, 1000–1023.Google Scholar
- Rufino, M.O.A., Salles, M.S.V., Negrão, J.A., Daniel, J.L.P., de Lima, L.S., De Marchi, F.E., Roma Júnior L.C. and Dos Santos, G.T. 2018. Energy balance in grazing Jersey cows in early lactation supplemented with peanut and sunflower oils, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 5, 1065–1070.Google Scholar
- Shirley, J. 2006. Feed efficiency is an important management tool for dairy producers. In Proc. High Plains Dairy Conf. Amarillo TX. Texas A & M University, College Station, 63–76.Google Scholar
- Weaver, S. R., Prichard, A. S., Maerz, N. L., Prichard, A. P., Endres, E. L., Hernández-Castellano, L. E., Askins, M.S., Bruckmaier, R.M. and Hernandez, L. L. 2017. Elevating serotonin pre-partum alters the Holstein dairy cow hepatic adaptation to lactation. PloS one, 12:9.Google Scholar
- Wildman, E. E., Jones, G. M., Wagner, P. E., Boman, R. L., Troutt, H. F., Lesch, T. N. 1982. A dairy cow body condition scoring system and its relationship to selected production characteristics, Journal of Dairy Science, 65, 495–501.Google Scholar
- Wittwer, F. Diagnóstico dos desequilíbrios metabólicos de energia em rebanhos bovinos. In: Gonzáles, F.H.D., Barcellos, J.O., Ospina, H., Ribeiro, L.A.O. Perfil metabólico em ruminantes: seu uso em nutrição e doenças nutricionais. 2000. (Porto Alegre: Editora da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul).Google Scholar
- Zhu, W., Wei, Z., Xu, N., Yang, F., Yoon, I., Chung, Y., Liu J., and Wang, J. 2017. Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation products on performance and rumen fermentation and microbiota in dairy cows fed a diet containing low quality forage, Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology, 8, 36.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar