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Synthetic pyrethroid resistance in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks from north-western Himalayas, India

  • R. GodaraEmail author
  • R. Katoch
  • Shafiya I. Rafiqi
  • A. Yadav
  • Kaifa Nazim
  • Rohini Sharma
  • N. K. Singh
  • M. Katoch
Regular Articles
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Abstract

In the present study, adult immersion test (AIT) was used for evaluation of resistance against synthetic pyrethroids (deltamethrin and cypermethrin) in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks collected from nine districts of three agro-climatic zones of north-western Himalayan region of India. Resistance factors (RFs) were calculated between 0.94 to 50.71 for deltamethrin and 0.32 to 13.18 for cypermethrin. Resistance to deltamethrin was detected at level I in two, level II in four, level III and level IV in one isolate each while one isolate was susceptible. Against cypermethrin, resistance at levels I and II was detected in three isolates each while three isolates were found susceptible. The low altitude sub-tropical zone revealed higher density of resistant ticks where intensive animal husbandry practices were followed and the synthetic pyrethroid usage was common. Data generated on pyrethroid resistance status of ticks in north-western Himalayan region will provide new insights in acaricidal resistance particularly from remote areas of this region and will help in formulating suitable control measures.

Keywords

Himalayan region Synthetic pyrethroids Resistance Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus 

Notes

Funding information

The financial support was provided by Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) number AUJ/DR/14-15/F-420/7888-7903.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Godara
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Katoch
    • 1
  • Shafiya I. Rafiqi
    • 1
  • A. Yadav
    • 1
  • Kaifa Nazim
    • 1
  • Rohini Sharma
    • 1
  • N. K. Singh
    • 2
  • M. Katoch
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal HusbandrySher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologyJammuIndia
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary ScienceGuru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences UniversityLudhianaIndia
  3. 3.Microbial Biotechnology DepartmentIndian Institute of Integrative Medicine (CSIR)JammuIndia

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