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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 383–388 | Cite as

Analysis of domestic animal movements in Colombia (2006–2014) and their possible influence on the bovine brucellosis spread

  • Liliana CárdenasEmail author
  • Jhon J. Cañas-Álvarez
  • Ana Vázquez
  • Ester Boixadera
  • Jordi Casal
Regular Articles
  • 64 Downloads

Abstract

Bovine brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that causes great economic losses. The disease is endemic in Colombia and animal movements from infected herds carry a risk of introduction to other herds. With the objective of analyzing the animal movements and determining their relationship with bovine brucellosis, we performed a descriptive analysis of the space–time movement of livestock in Colombia between 2006 and 2014. Multiple linear regression models (MLR) were employed to determine the relationship between brucellosis status and animal movements at the province level. The prevalence of bovine brucellosis in cattle was the dependent variable, and a total of 14 independent variables related to location, year, census, and animal movements were included. The prevalence of bovine brucellosis was significantly affected by the province (F = 3.42; P < 0.001), the year (F = 9.03; P < 0.001), and bovine (F = 5.45; P = 0.02) and equine movements (F = 3.8; P = 0.053). Fewer cattle and more horses entered provinces with high prevalence than those with low prevalence, indicating the possible relationship between the animal movements and the brucellosis infection in the country.

Keywords

Animal movements Bovine brucellosis Colombia Control of disease Zoonoses 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Colombian official veterinary service for providing information and for supporting the development of this study. Liliana Cardenas holds a Ph.D. grant from the Ministry of Education in Colombia (COLCIENCIAS 617/2013 scholarship). The authors also wish to thank Dr. Jose Maria Blasco for his useful advice on this paper.

Compliance with ethical standards

The manuscript does not contain clinical studies or patient data.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liliana Cárdenas
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jhon J. Cañas-Álvarez
    • 3
  • Ana Vázquez
    • 4
  • Ester Boixadera
    • 4
  • Jordi Casal
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departament de Sanitat i Anatomia Animals, Facultat de VeterinàriaCampus de la Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Centre de Recerca en Sanitat Animal (CReSA, IRTA-UAB)Campus de la Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Centro de Investigación MotiloniaCorporación Colombiana de Investigación Agropecuaria (AGROSAVIA)Agustín CodazziColombia
  4. 4.Servei d’Estadistica AplicadaCampus de la Universitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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