Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 2, pp 465–468 | Cite as

Potential value of tedera (B. bituminosa) as high protein resource for poultry feed

  • M. Barbera
  • M.C. Muñoz
  • E. Rodriguez-Ponce
  • M.R. VenturaEmail author
Short Communications


Bituminaria bituminosa (C.H. Stirt.) is a drought tolerant legume that grows spontaneously in subtropical areas: Canary Islands (Spain) and in North African and Mediterranean regions, traditionally used as forage for ruminants. The aim of this research was to investigate the potential of B. bituminosa as a high protein resource for poultry feed by means of feed intake, growth, feed conversion rate (FCR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), and the influence of B. bituminosa feed form (fresh green and dried) on the preference by chicks. B. bituminosa showed higher crude protein content (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), and gross energy than commercial feed. Average daily feed intake (ADFI) for the commercial feed group (control group) was higher than ADFI of the B. bituminosa group (experimental group). However, both groups had no significant differences in total crude protein intake, total NDF intake, average daily gain (ADG), FCR, and PER. The poultry’s preference for fresh green B. bituminosa was higher than for dry B. bituminosa. Our results suggest that B. bituminosa (tedera) could be an alternative feedstuff in tropical countries or where protein sources are scarce and costly.


Bituminaria bituminosa Growth performance Intake poultry diets Tedera Tropical legumes 


Compliance with ethical standards

The animal experiments described comply with the guidelines of the European Union Council (2010/63/EU) for the use of experimental animals and was conducted with the authorization of the Ethical Commission of Veterinary Medicine of the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. A.O.A.C., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 2000. Official methods of analysis of AOAC. International 17th edition, Gaithersburg, USA Association of Analytical Communities.Google Scholar
  2. Abdelnour, S., Abd El-Hack, M., Ragni, M., 2018. The efficacy of high-protein tropical forages as alternative protein sources for chickens: A review. Agriculture, 8(6), 86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brickett, K., and Classen, H., 2004. Effect of dietary nutrient density, feed form, and lighting on the growth performance of broiler chickens. Poultry Science, 83, 106–106.Google Scholar
  4. Carré, B., Mignon-Grasteau, S., and Juin, H., 2008. Breeding for feed efficiency and adaptation to feed in poultry. World's Poultry Science Journal, 64(3), 377–390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Iyayi, E.A. and Taiwo, V.O., 2003. The effect of diets incorporating Mucuna (Mucuna pruriens) seed meal on the performance of laying hens and broilers. Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems,1, 239–246.Google Scholar
  6. Latshaw, J.D., 2008. Daily energy intake of broiler chickens is altered by proximate nutrient content and form of the diet. Poultry Science 87, 89–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Martínez-Pérez, M., Sarmiento-Franco, L., Santos-Ricalde, R. H., Sandoval-Castro, C. A. 2017. Poultry meat production in free-range systems: Perspectives for tropical areas. World's Poultry Science Journal, 73(2), 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Moore, G., Sanford, P., and Wiley, T., 2006. Perennial pastures for Western Australia. Bulletin 4690. Perth, Australia: Department of Food and Agriculture.Google Scholar
  9. N.R.C, 1994. Nutrient requirements of poultry. Ninth Revised Edition, 1994, National Academy Press, Washington D.C.Google Scholar
  10. Nikravesh-Masouleh, T., Seidavi, A., Kawka, M., Dadashbeiki, M., 2018. The effect of dietary energy and protein level on body weight, size and microflora of ostrich chicks. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 50, 635–641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Oluyemi, J.A. and Roberts, F.A., 1988. Poultry Production in the Warm Climates. Macmillan, London. 189, 133–139.Google Scholar
  12. Real, D., Verbyla, A., 2010. Maximizing genetic gains using a plant model in the Tedera (Bituminaria bituminosa var. albomarginata and var. crassiuscula) breeding program in Australia. In: Porqueddu C. (EdS.), Ríos S. (Eds.). Options Méditerranéennes 92, 87–95.Google Scholar
  13. Real, D., Correal, E., Mendez, P., Santos, A., Rios, S., Sternberg, M., Dini-Papanastasi, O., Pecetti, L. and Tava, A., 2009. Bituminaria bituminosa CH Stirton. Grassland Species. (synonym: Psoralea bituminosa L.). Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization.
  14. Roura, E., Baldwin, M.W., Klasing, K.C., 2013. The avian taste system: Potential implications in poultry nutrition. Animal Feed Science and Technology 180, 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tufarelli, V., Ragni, M., Laudadio, V., 2018. Feeding forage in poultry: A promising alternative for the future of production systems. Agriculture, 8(6), 81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Van Soest, P. J., Robertson, J. B., Lewis, B.A.,1991. Polysaccharides in Relation to Animal Nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3583–3597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ventura, M.R., Castañón, J.I.R., Pieltain, M.C., Flores, M.P., 2004. Nutritive value of forage shrubs: Bituminaria bituminosa, rumex lunaria, acacia salicina, cassia sturtii and adenocorpus foliosus. Small Ruminant Research, 52(1), 13–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ventura, M.R., Castanon, J.I.R., Mendez, P., 2009. Effect of season on Tedera (Bituminaria bituminosa) intake by goats. Animal Feed Science and Technology 153, 314–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal ScienceUniversity of Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas PalmasSpain

Personalised recommendations