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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 261–265 | Cite as

Seroprevalence of bluetongue and presence of viral antigen and type-specific neutralizing antibodies in goats in Tripura, a state at Indo-Bangladesh border of northeastern India

  • Ankan De
  • Tapan Kumar Das
  • Karam Chand
  • Bikas Chandra Debnath
  • Saikat Dey
  • Divakar Hemadri
  • Nagendra Nath Barman
  • Jitendra Kumar Chaudhary
  • Dhanavelu Muthuchelvan
  • Arpit Saxena
  • Neha Tewari
  • Ankita Chauhan
  • Ankita Lohumi
  • Sanchay Kumar BiswasEmail author
Short Communications

Abstract

Bluetongue (BT) is a notifiable multiple species transboundary viral disease of domestic and wild ruminants. Though the disease is enzootic in India, little is known of the disease burden and prevalent serotypes in Tripura, a hilly state of northeastern India sharing a vast porous border with Bangladesh. A surveillance study was conducted to understand the disease burden in goats in Tripura. Serum (n = 1240) and blood (n = 194) samples were collected during the year 2014 to 2017 from all the eight districts of Tripura. The overall prevalence of BT seroconversion was 47.58% whereas the presence of viral antigen was 20.61% at the individual level. Percent seroconversion was found more (50.47 ± 4.00, CI 41.31 to 49.47) in adult goats in comparison to the younger animals where it was 45.39 ± 2.08, CI 42.63 to 58.31. Presence of neutralizing antibodies in selected serum samples (n = 72) was investigated by serum neutralization test (SNT) against six bluetongue virus (BTV) serotypes and BTV-1 was found as most predominant (65.27%) followed by BTV-16 (26.38%), BTV-10 (20.83%), BTV-9 and 23 (13.88%), and BTV-2 (6.94%). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study conducted in Tripura to investigate the presence of BTV antigen and type-specific neutralizing antibodies in apparently healthy goats.

Keywords

Bluetongue Seroprevalence Neutralizing antibodies Tripura Northeast India 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Ministry of Science and Technology, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi and ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Mukteswar Nainital, and Principal, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Tripura, for providing the necessary facilities.

Funding

This work was supported by the DBT Project Code BT/390/NE/TBP/2012.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ankan De
    • 1
  • Tapan Kumar Das
    • 1
  • Karam Chand
    • 2
  • Bikas Chandra Debnath
    • 1
  • Saikat Dey
    • 1
  • Divakar Hemadri
    • 3
  • Nagendra Nath Barman
    • 4
  • Jitendra Kumar Chaudhary
    • 5
  • Dhanavelu Muthuchelvan
    • 2
  • Arpit Saxena
    • 2
  • Neha Tewari
    • 2
  • Ankita Chauhan
    • 2
  • Ankita Lohumi
    • 2
  • Sanchay Kumar Biswas
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.College of Veterinary Sciences & A.H., R. K. NagarWest TripuraIndia
  2. 2.Division of VirologyIndian Veterinary Research InstituteKumaonIndia
  3. 3.National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease InformaticsBengaluruIndia
  4. 4.College of Veterinary ScienceGuwahatiIndia
  5. 5.College of Veterinary Sciences & A.H.Central Agricultural UniversityAizawlIndia

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