Frequency and distribution of foot lesions identified during cattle hoof trimming in the Province of Antioquia, Colombia (2011–2016)
Lameness is a severe welfare problem in cattle and has a detrimental effect on longevity, productivity, and reproductive performance. This study aimed to describe the frequency and distribution of foot lesions in cattle using hoof trimming records over a period of 6 years in the Province of Antioquia (Colombia). The data collection instrument enabled differentiation between limbs, digits, and views. The Claw Lesion Identification in Dairy Cattle brochure was the reference for foot lesion identification. A total of 1814 foot lesions observations, recorded from 1120 cows in 71 herds, were analyzed and 11 different foot lesions were identified. Non-infectious foot lesions were more common than infectious (94.4 vs 5.6%). White line disease was more frequently observed in the hind limbs (79.6%) compared to the front limbs (20.4%), and more frequent in medial claws of the front limbs (70.3%) compared to lateral claws (29.7%). In hind limbs, the lateral claws were more commonly affected (65.7%) compared to the medial claws (34.3%). Claw zone 3 was affected in 61.3% of the cases, followed by zones 2 (21.7%) and 1 (17%). Although our data are from a limited area of the country, they are consistent with published and anecdotal reports of foot lesions in cattle in Colombia and worldwide. Our results suggest that there is need for additional prospective research under Colombian dairy cattle management conditions to better understand the lameness and benefit of trimming intervention.
KeywordsBovine claw Claw trimming Foot diseases Lameness Preventive health
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest statement
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.
- Amory, J.R., Barker, Z.E., Wright, J.L., Mason, S.A., Blowey, R.W., Green, L.E., 2008. Associations between sole ulcer, white line disease and digital dermatitis and the milk yield of 1824 dairy cows on 30 dairy cow farms in England and Wales from February 2003-November 2004. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 83, 381–391.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Benavides, E., Martinez, F., Cedeño, D.A., 2012. Prevalence of lesions associated with subclinical laminitis in first lactation holstein cows in Nariño, Colombia. Investigación Pecuaria, 1(1), 63–70.Google Scholar
- Blowey, R., Weaver, A.D., 2011. Color Atlas of Diseases and Disorders of Cattle E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.Google Scholar
- Borrero, D., Córdoba, J.D., 2015. Description of claw lesions in dairy cattle from one herd of the Western Savannah of Bogotá, Colombia. 18th International Symposium & 10th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants, Valdivia, Chile, p. 163.Google Scholar
- Borrero, D.F., Ávila, W., Córdoba, J.D., 2015. Characterization of claw lesions in Holstein cattle from the northern savannah of Bogotá, Colombia. 18th International Symposium & 10th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants, Valdivia, Chile, p. 124.Google Scholar
- Cadavid, J.D., Cossio, D., Ramírez, R., García, J.D., 2015. Evaluation of claudication in high-production dairy cows in the high tropics 2010–2015 in the department of Antioquia, Colombia. 18th International Symposium & 10th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants, Valdivia, Chile, p. 131.Google Scholar
- Gobernación de Antioquia, 2016. Fichas municipales de Antioquia 2015–2016. Colombia. from http://www.antioquia.gov.co/planeacion/fichas_municipales_web/index.html. Accessed 22 September 2017.
- Green, L.E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N., 2010. Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide. Animal Welfare, 19, 419–427.Google Scholar
- Greenough, P.R., 2007. Bovine laminitis and lameness: A hands on approach. Elsevier Health Sciences.Google Scholar
- ICA (Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario), 2016. Censo Pecuario 2016. In: Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (Ed.), Colombia. from http https://www.ica.gov.co/getdoc/8232c0e5-be97-42bd-b07b-9cdbfb07fcac/Censos-2008.aspx. Accessed 20 September 2017.
- International Lameness Committee, 2008. Dairy claw lesion identification. In: Sciences, S.U.o.A. (Ed.), 15th International Symposium and 7th Conference on Lameness in Ruminants, Kuopio, Finland.Google Scholar
- Passos, L.T., da Cruz, E.A., Fischer, V., da Porciuncula, G.C., Werncke, D., Dalto, A.G.C., Stumpf, M.T., Vizzotto, E.F., da Silveira, I.D.B., 2017. Dairy cows change locomotion score and sensitivity to pain with trimming and infectious or non-infectious lesions. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 49, 851–856.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Potterton, S.L., Bell, N.J., Whay, H.R., Berry, E.A., Atkinson, O.C.D., Dean, R.S., Main, D.C.J., Huxley, J.N., 2012. A descriptive review of the peer and non-peer reviewed literature on the treatment and prevention of foot lameness in cattle published between 2000 and 2011. Veterinary Journal, 193, 612–616.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Sagues, A.G., 2002. The biomechanics of weight bearing and its significance with lameness. Proceedings of the 12th International Symposium on Lameness in Ruminants. 9th–13th Jan. Orlando, FL, USA, p. 117–121.Google Scholar
- Shearer, J.K., 2006. Lameness in Cattle: Causes and Consequences. from http://www.dairyweb.ca/Resources/4SDNMC2006/Shearer.pdf. Accessed 12 September 2017.
- Shearer, J.K., Van Amstel, S.R., Gonzalez, A., 2005. Manual of foot care in cattle. Hoard's Dairyman Books.Google Scholar