Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 51, Issue 7, pp 2073–2076 | Cite as

Seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis and associated risk factors in Nakasongola district, Uganda

  • James BugezaEmail author
  • Adrian Muwonge
  • Musso Munyeme
  • Phillip Lasuba
  • Jacques Godfroid
  • Clovice Kankya
Short Communications


A cross-sectional study was carried out between November 2015 and January 2016 to determine the seroprevalence of Brucella antibodies in cattle raised under communal, fenced farms and tethering systems and the associated factors. Seven hundred twenty-eight bovine sera were collected and tested with rose Bengal test as a screening test and the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay as a confirmatory test. Animal- and herd-level data were collected and binary logistic regression was used to assess the potential risk factors. True animal- and herd-level prevalence was highest in the fenced farms (4.5% (95%CI, 2.3–6.9) and 19.5% (95%CI, 8.2–32.7) respectively). The risks for natural brucellosis infection were sharing water with wild animals (OR = 0.21, 95%CI, 0.104–0.83), herd size (medium: OR = 0.089, 95%CI 0.017–0.449; large: OR = 0.024, 95%CI 0.003–0.203), fenced farms (OR = 3.7, 95% CI, 1.7–7.9), sex (OR = 0.03, 95%CI, 0.01–0.079), and lactation (OR = 0.013, 95%CI, 0.004–0.049). Changes in rangeland tenure and the shift towards intensive cattle production have influenced brucellosis epidemiology. Future studies should aim at identifying the infecting Brucellae and examining the role of wildlife in brucellosis epidemiology.


Brucellosis Production systems Rangeland tenure Uganda 



Indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay


Rose Bengal test



Mr. Bahati Milton of the National Animal Diseases Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre is acknowledged for his support.

Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of animal rights

All applicable guidelines for the care and use of animals were followed.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

11250_2018_1631_MOESM1_ESM.docx (113 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 113 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019
corrected publication 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Livestock Resources Research InstituteTororoUganda
  2. 2.Department of Genetics and Genomics-The Roslin InstituteUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Department of Disease ControlUniversity of ZambiaLusakaZambia
  4. 4.Department of Animal ProductionUniversity of JubaJubaSouth Sudan
  5. 5.Department of Arctic and Marine BiologyUniversity of Tromsø - the Arctic University of NorwayTromsøNorway
  6. 6.Department of Biosecurity Ecosystems and Veterinary Public HealthMakerere UniversityKampalaUganda

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