Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 1313–1318 | Cite as

Growth, reproductive, and productive performance of Begait cattle under different herd management systems in northern Ethiopia

  • Gebretnsae Mezgebe
  • Solomon Gizaw
  • Mengistu Urge
Regular Articles

Abstract

The performance of indigenous Begait cattle (498 cows, 284 calves, and 48 heifers) in northern Ethiopia was studied. System of herd management significantly (P < 0.01) influenced all production traits. Calves in medium-input herds (MIHM) grew faster than those in low-input herds (LIHM), by 232 g/d from birth to 9 months (Gain1) and by 385 g/d from 9 to 12 months (Gain2). Cow’s dry period, calving interval (CI), and age at first calving (AFC) were 234, 222, and 343 days shorter for MIHM than for LIHM. Compared with LIHM, cows from MIHM had 74% higher daily milk yield (DMY) and 91% higher lactation milk yield (LMY). Calves born at wet season grew faster by 14 and 10% than those calves born in the dry season at Gain1 and Gain2. The subsequent CI of cows calved in the wet season had 77 days shorter, 0.45 kg DMY, and 93 kg LMY increment. The differences between production systems can be attributed to differences in management skills and access to better quality feeds. Technical intervention is needed to ensure provision of balanced rations to exploit the potential productivity of Begait cattle.

Keywords

Fertility trait Milk yield Production system 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study was conducted using primary and secondary data from Humera Agricultural Research Center, Hiwet Agricultural Mechanization PLC, Humera Ranch, and Adebay and Rawian Peasant Associations. Thus, the authors are grateful to those contributors for their willingness and permitting to record primary data on their herds and for giving the secondary data. We also acknowledge the people and institutes who directly or indirectly contributed for the accomplishment of this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Ali, S. 2011. Economic Losses Due to Delayed Conception in Dairy Animals of Small Farmers in District Gujranwala. MSc Thesis, Faisalabad University, Pakistan.Google Scholar
  2. Beavers, L. and Van Doormaal, B. 2015. Age at First Calving and Profitability. Canadian Dairy Network.Google Scholar
  3. Bhatti, S.A., Sarwar, M., Khan, M.S. and Hussain, S.M.I. 2007. Reducing the age at first calving through nutritional manipulations in dairy buffaloes and cows: a review. Pakistan Veterinary Journal, 27(1): 42–47.Google Scholar
  4. Bujko, J., Candrák, J., Strapák, P., Žitný, J. and Hrnčár, C. 2013. The Association between Calving Interval and Milk Production traits in population of dairy cows of Slovak Simmental cattle. Animal Science and Biotechnologies, 46(2): 53–57.Google Scholar
  5. Cooke, J.S., Cheng, Z., Bourne, N.E. and Wathes, D.C. 2013. Association between growth rates, age at first calving and subsequent fertility, milk production and survival in Holstein heifers. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 3(1): 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Do, C., Wasana, N., Cho, K., Choi, Y., Choi, T., Park, B. and Lee, D. 2013. The effect of age at first calving and calving interval on productive life and lifetime profit in Korean Holsteins. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 26(11): 1511–1517.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. FAO. 2012. Impact of animal nutrition on animal welfare–Expert Consultation 26–30 September 2011. Animal Production and Health Report, No. 1. Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
  8. FAO. 2015. Statistical Pocketbook: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food supply evaluates the past and present productive capacity of world Rome Italy.Google Scholar
  9. Froidmont, E., Mayeres, P. Picron, P. Turlot, A., Planchon, V. and Stilmant, D. 2013. Association between age at first calving, year and season of first calving and milk production in Holstein cows. Animal Consortium, 7(4): 665–672.Google Scholar
  10. Gebretnsae Mezgebe, Solomon Gizaw, Mengistu Urge and Chavhan A. 2017. Begait cattle production systems and production performances in northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Life Science, 5(4): 506–516.Google Scholar
  11. Girma, M. 2011. Livelihood Zones Analysis: A tool for planning agricultural water management investments. International water management institute in consultation with FAO.Google Scholar
  12. Hare, E., Norman, H.D. and Wright, J.R. 2006. Trends in calving ages and calving intervals for dairy cattle breed in the United States. Journal of Dairy Science, 89: 365–370.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. IBC (Institute of Biodiversity Conservation). 2009. Convention on Biological Diversity Ethiopia’s 4th Country Report. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  14. Katongole, C.B., Mpairwe, D., Bareeba, F.B., Mukasa-Mugerwa, E. and Ebong, C. 2013. Predicting body weight from heart girth, height at withers and body condition score in Bos indicus cattle bulls of Uganda. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 25(46).Google Scholar
  15. Kiplagat, S.K., Limo, M.K. and Kosgey, I.S. 2012. Genetic Improvement of Livestock for Milk Production. Milk Production–Advanced Genetic Traits, Cellular Mechanism, Animal Management and Health.  https://doi.org/10.5772/50761
  16. Lamy, E. van Harten, S. Sales-Baptista, E. Manuela, M., Guerra, M. and de Almeida, A.M. 2012. Factors Influencing Livestock Productivity. pp. 19–45. In: Sejian, V., Naqvi, S.M.K., Ezeji, T., Lakritz, J. and Lal, R. (eds.), Environmental Stress and Amelioration in Livestock Production, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lemlem, W. 2017. Strategic Analysis of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Market Chain in Ethiopia a Case of Humera District. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science, 15(4): 1–10.  https://doi.org/10.9734/IJPSS/2017/31928.Google Scholar
  18. LMP (Ethiopia livestock master plan). 2015. Roadmaps for growth and transformation, A contribution to the Ethiopian Growth and Transformation Plan II (2015–2020). ILRI Project Report, Nairobi, Kenya.Google Scholar
  19. Mulugeta Ftiwi. 2015. Production system and phenotypic characterization of Begait cattle and effects of supplementation with concentrate feeds on milk yield and composition of Begait cows in Humera ranch, western Tigray, Ethiopia. Doctoral, Dissertation, Adiss Abeba University, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  20. Rege, J.E.O., Marshall, K., Notenbaert, A., Ojango, J.M.K. and Okeyo, A.M. 2011. Pro-poor animal improvement and breeding: What can science do? Livestock Science, 136: 15–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. SAS Institute Inc. 2008. SAS/STAT ® 9.2 User’s Guide. SAS Institute Inc.Google Scholar
  22. Syrstad, O. and Ruane, J. 1998. Prospects and strategies for genetic improvement of the dairy potential of tropical cattle by selection. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 30, 257–268.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Thatcher, W.W., Silvestre, F.T., Santos, J.E.P., Ribeiro, E.S., Staples, C.R., Risco, C. and Rabaglino, M.B. 2010. Interactions between nutrition, heat stress and reproduction in cattle within tropical/subtropical environments. pp. 23–31. In: Odongo, N.E., Garcia, M. and Viljoen, G.J. (eds.), sustainable improvement of animal production and health. FAO, Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
  24. Tozer, P.R. and Heinrichs, A.J. 2001. What affects the costs of raising replacement dairy heifers: A multiple component analysis? Journal of Dairy Science, 84, 1836–1844.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Van Arendonk, J.A.M. 2011. The role of reproductive technologies in breeding schemes for livestock populations in developing countries. Livestock Science, 136: 29–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Vickers, M. 2014. Optimising suckler herd fertility for Better Returns. www.hccmpw.org.uk
  27. Yohannes, Gojjam, Adugna, Tolera and Rehrahie, Mesfin. 2011. Management options to accelerate growth rate and reduce age at first calving in Friesian-Boran crossbred heifers. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43: 393–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Zerabruk, M., Vangen, O. and Haile, M. 2007. The status of cattle genetic resources in North Ethiopia: On-farm characterization of six major cattle breeds. Animal Genetic Resources 40, 15–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal SciencesAsosa UniversityAsosaEthiopia
  2. 2.Department of Animal SciencesHaramaya UniversityDire-DawaEthiopia
  3. 3.International Livestock Research InstituteAddis AbabaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations