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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 6, pp 1249–1254 | Cite as

Effect of ambient management interventions on the production and physiological performance of lactating Sahiwal cattle during hot dry summer

  • Mehtab Ahmad
  • Jalees Ahmed Bhatti
  • Muhammad Abdullah
  • Khalid Javed
  • Mehboob Ali
  • Ghazanfar Rashid
  • Rafi Uddin
  • Ali Hassan Badini
  • Mudassar Jehan
Regular Articles
  • 41 Downloads

Abstract

During summer season, increase in the environmental temperature in the subtropical regions of Pakistan is negatively affecting the performance of dairy animals. The study objective was to determine the effect of ambient management (90 days) on productive and physiological performance of lactating Sahiwal cows during hot dry summer season. Fifteen lactating cows during the early lactation stage, having similar parity (3), daily milk production (6.2 l), were randomly allocated to three treatments, 5 cows each, i.e., (1) kept under roof shade only, (2) provision of fans along with roof shade, and (3) provision of roof shade, fans, and sprinklers designated as S, SF, and SFS, respectively. The fans were of 360-rpm capacity and showers were on for 40 min after every 90-min interval from 9:00 to 21:00 h. THI values were 81.1 ± 0.7, 80.5 ± 0.7, and 77.7 ± 0.4 under S, SF, and SFS treatments, respectively. Cows were milked twice daily. Respiration rate (RR) and rectal temperature (RT) data were collected at 14:00 h on daily basis. The daily milk production was significantly higher in cows under SF (7.9 ± 1 kg) followed by SFS (6.9 ± 1.2 kg) and S (6.1 ± 0.9 kg) treatments. The mean RT (101.0 ± 0.04 °F) was significantly lower in cows under SFS than that on SF and S treatments and similarly mean RR was also lower (21.2 breaths/min) in cows under SFS followed by SF and S treatments. It is concluded that milk production and physiological performance in Sahiwal cows can be improved by fan-assisted ventilation during hot dry summer in subtropical regions.

Keywords

Effect Hot Summer Production Physiology Sahiwal Cattle 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mehtab Ahmad
    • 1
  • Jalees Ahmed Bhatti
    • 2
  • Muhammad Abdullah
    • 2
  • Khalid Javed
    • 2
  • Mehboob Ali
    • 3
  • Ghazanfar Rashid
    • 3
  • Rafi Uddin
    • 1
  • Ali Hassan Badini
    • 1
  • Mudassar Jehan
    • 1
  1. 1.Livestock and Dairy Development DepartmentGovernment of BalochistanQuettaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Livestock ProductionUniversity of Veterinary and Animal SciencesLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of MedicineUniversity of Veterinary and Animal SciencesLahorePakistan

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