Endless variety for bovine virus diarrhea viruses: new members of a novel subgroup into Pestivirus A from Turkey

  • Tuba Çiğdem OğuzoğluEmail author
  • Bahattin Taylan Koç
  • Nüvit Coşkun
  • Fırat Doğan
  • Selda Duran-Yelken
Regular Articles


As ubiquitous pathogens, bovine virus diarrhea viruses (BVDVs) in cattle have been reported several times in Turkey. Over time, the frequency and importance of this infection has increased for the livestock industries. A total of 1291 animals were sampled from a dairy herd in Turkey suspected of BVDV clinical signs, for instance, reproductive failures (abortion, congenital malformations in calves, repeat breeding, etc.) and interdigital phlegmon in adult animals. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCRs) were made by using targeted 5′ untranslated region (UTR), Npro, E2, and NS2-3 pestiviral gene region primers for antigen ELISA-positive samples (n = 20). The obtained amplicons were sequenced. Sequence results showed the presence of a new subgroup in Pestivirus A species. This paper describes the nucleotide sequences of a new BVDV 1 (BVDV 1-v) subgroup member.


BVDV Cattle New subgroup Turkey 


Funding information

This study is self-funded.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

This article does not contain experimental animal studies.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Virology, Veterinary FacultyAnkara UniversityDışkapı-AnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Virology, Veterinary FacultyAdnan Menderes UniversityAydınTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Virology, Veterinary FacultyKafkas UniversityKarsTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Virology, Veterinary FacultyMustafa Kemal UniversityAntakyaTurkey
  5. 5.Department of Virology, Veterinary FacultySiirt UniversitySiirtTurkey

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