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An outbreak of poisoning by Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in cattle in northeastern Brazil

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Abstract

In the world, Kalanchoe species are primarily ornamentals and houseplants, but some have escaped cultivation and can be found in the field. In Latin America, there are no reports of spontaneous poisoning by Kalanchoe species in animals. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and pathological aspects of an outbreak of poisoning by Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in cattle in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil. Epidemiological and clinical data were obtained from the owner and veterinarian during technical visits. Prunings of this plant were disposed of in a pasture with a shortness of forage. Seventeen cattle had clinical signs, and thirteen died 4–5 days after the first clinical signs were observed. Clinical signs and gross and histological lesions include gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and neuromuscular disorders. Kalanchoe spp. contain cardiotoxic glycosides, and the clinical signs and lesions in cattle of this outbreak were consistent with poisoning by plants that contain these toxins.

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Funding

This study is funded by the National Institute of Science and Technology for the Control of poisoning by plants for their financial support (Proc. CNPq no. 573534/2008-2).

Author information

Correspondence to Fábio S. Mendonça.

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The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Mendonça, F.S., Nascimento, N.C.F., Almeida, V.M. et al. An outbreak of poisoning by Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in cattle in northeastern Brazil. Trop Anim Health Prod 50, 693–696 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-017-1465-7

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Keywords

  • Poisonous plants
  • Plant poisoning
  • Cardiac glycosides
  • Necrotic enteritis