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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 105–111 | Cite as

Correlation between production performance and feeding behavior of steers on pasture during the rainy-dry transition period

  • Rita K. C. Brandão
  • Gleidson G. P. de CarvalhoEmail author
  • Robério R. Silva
  • Daniel L. S. Dias
  • Fabrício B. L. Mendes
  • Túlio O. J. D’A. Lins
  • Maria M. S. Pereira
  • Joanderson O. Guimarães
  • Manuela S. L. Tosto
  • Luana M. de A. Rufino
  • Maria L. G. M. L. de Araujo
Regular Articles

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between production performance and feeding behavior of steers reared on pasture during the rainy-dry transition period. Twenty-two ½ Holstein-Zebu crossbred steers at an average age of 10 months and with an average initial body weight of 234.5 ± 16.0 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with two types of supplementation and eleven replications. Pearson’s linear correlation analysis was performed between behavioral variables and weight gain and feed conversion. Correlation coefficients were tested by the t test. The time expended feeding at the trough was positively correlated (P < 0.05) with average daily gain (ADG) and with the number of periods of permanence at the trough. Bite rate and the number of bites per day were positively correlated (P < 0.05) with ADG and negatively (P < 0.05) with feed conversion, unlike the number of bites per swallow, which was negatively correlated (P < 0.05) with ADG. There was a positive correlation (P < 0.05) between feed efficiency in dry matter and neutral detergent fiber and ADG. Feeding behavior characteristics have little association with the production performance of cattle on pasture receiving mineral or energy-protein supplementation.

Keywords

Bovine Feed efficiency Grazing Rumination Weight gain 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rita K. C. Brandão
    • 1
  • Gleidson G. P. de Carvalho
    • 2
    Email author
  • Robério R. Silva
    • 1
  • Daniel L. S. Dias
    • 1
  • Fabrício B. L. Mendes
    • 1
  • Túlio O. J. D’A. Lins
    • 1
  • Maria M. S. Pereira
    • 1
  • Joanderson O. Guimarães
    • 1
  • Manuela S. L. Tosto
    • 2
  • Luana M. de A. Rufino
    • 2
  • Maria L. G. M. L. de Araujo
    • 2
  1. 1.Southwest State University of BahiaItapetingaBrazil
  2. 2.Federal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil

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