Constraints affecting dairy goats milk production in Kenya
In Kenya, the population of dairy goats is about 200,000 and 80% of these are reared in Mount Kenya region. They provide a quick source of milk for consumption or sale, which has an immense value especially to poor households. The small land sizes required for their rearing are especially useful in these highly populated areas. Although much research has been done on problems faced by dairy cattle farmers, limited information is available on problems faced by dairy goat farmers. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the constraints affecting dairy goat production in Mount Kenya region. In a cross-sectional survey, 157 farmers were interviewed on major constraints using a semi-structured questionnaire. The results from the questionnaires showed that the main problems experienced by these farmers were as follows: lack of market of milk and goats 45% (71/157), diseases 33% (52/157), high cost of concentrates 25% (38/157), lack of feed 19% (30/157), problems of unreliable buck rotation program 16.5% (26/157), and insecurity 1.8% (3/157). The study revealed that dairy goat farmers in the region faced by a number of challenges and therefore, our recommendation is there is a need for farmers to be trained on innovative ways of value chain addition and other strategies to market their milk. Additionally, the government should put resources to salvage the milk plant and association members should put firm measures to improve management. Creation of farmer awareness, treatment, and disease control measures should be instituted to improve productivity.
KeywordsDairy goats Production Constraints Kenya
This study was supported by the project “Improvement of dairy productivity and marketing in sub-humid and pastoral areas of Kenya through improved dairy value chain,” Kenya Agricultural Productivity and Agribusiness Project (KAPAP)CGS/CN/2010/LS/RC NO. O4.
Compliance with ethical standards
Use of the animals for research purposes was approved by the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Biosafety, Animal Care Use Committee, University of Nairobi.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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