Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Assessing the diversity of preferences of suburban smallholder sheep keepers for breeding rams in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Abstract

Urbanisation in developing countries entails deep changes in the livestock sector and the management of animal genetic resources (AnGR). Sheep breeding around Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) illustrates these changes and the need to coordinate genetic improvement in general and the use of crossbreeding in particular. For this, it is important to understand breeders’ choices and improvement strategy, to accompany them within a national plan for AnGR management. In a context of missing market for breeding rams, a stated choice experiment was conducted with 137 farmers, together with a characterisation of herd management practices. This survey analyses farmers’ preferences for breeding rams, estimating their willingness to pay (WTP) for different traits (attributes). Their practices were characterised by a high reliance on natural pastures (82% of farmers) and a minority of crossbreeding (23%). The highest WTP was observed for disease resistance. However, the subgroup of farmers practicing crossbreeding showed a tolerance to high susceptibility. A strong preference for the white colour was revealed. Although significant, the influence of sheep body size on decision-making showed a lesser importance, again with a distinct behaviour in the subgroup practicing crossbreeding. These results illustrate the need to take account of the diversity of goals and preferences among smallholder sheep keepers to gain their adhesion to a coordinated genetic improvement framework.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Adams, F. and Oyene-Yankyera, K., 2015. Determinant of small ruminant farmers decision to participate in veterinary services in Northern Ghana, Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 7, 193–204

  2. Aizaki, H., 2012. Basic Functions for Supporting an Implementation of Choice Experiments in R, Journal of Statistical Software, 50, 1–24

  3. Aizaki, H. and Kazushi, N., 2008. Design and Analysis of Choice Experiments Using R: A Brief Introduction, Agricultural Information Research, 17, 86–94

  4. Dossa, L.H., Sangaré, M., Buerkert, A. and Schlecht, E., 2015. Production objectives and breeding practices of urban goat and sheep keepers in West Africa: regional analysis and implications for the development of supportive breeding programs, SpringerPlus, 4, 1–12

  5. FAO, 2010. Stratégies d’amélioration génétique pour la gestion durable des ressources zoogénétiques. Directives FAO: Production et santé animales, Numéro 3, Rome. http://www.fao.org/docrep/013/i1103f/i1103f00.htm. accessed 28 May 2016

  6. FAO. 2015. The Second Report on the State of the World’s Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, edited by Scherf, B. D. and Pilling, D. FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Assessments, Rome. http://www.fao.org/3/a-i4787e/index.html. Accessed 21 October 2016

  7. FAOSTAT: database of the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, 2016. http://faostat.fao.org/beta/en/#data/CL. accessed 19 October 2016

  8. Hamadou, I., Moula, N., Siddo, S., Issa, M., Marichatou, H., Leroy, P. and Antoine-Moussiaux, N., 2016. Mapping stakeholder viewpoints in biodiversity management: an application in Niger using Q methodology, Biodiversity and Conservation, 25, 1973–1986

  9. INSD, Statistiques démographiques. In: Annuaire statistique. 2014. http://www.insd.bf/n/contenu/pub_periodiques/annuaires_stat/Annuaires_stat_nationaux_BF/Annuaire_stat_2014.pdf. Accessed 28 May 2016

  10. Kassie, G.T., Abdulai, A., Wollny, C., Ayalew, W., Dessie, T., Tibbo, M., Haile, A. and Mwai, O., 2011. Implicit prices of indigenous cattle traits in central Ethiopia: Application of revealed and stated preference approaches. ILRI Research Report 26, Nairobi, ILRI.

  11. Kosgey, I.S. and Okeyo, A.M., 2007. Genetic improvement of small ruminants in low-input, smallholder production systems: Technical and infrastructural issues, Small Ruminant Research, 70, 76–88

  12. Leroy, G., Baumung, R., Boettcher, P., Scherf, B. and Hoffmann, I., 2016. Sustainability of crossbreeding in developing countries; definitely not like crossing a meadow…, Animal, 10, 262–273

  13. Mueller, J.P., Rischkowsky, B., Haile, A., Philipsson, J., Mwai, O., Besbes, B., Valle Zárate, A., Tibbo, M., Mirkena, T., Duguma, G., Sölkner, J. And Wurzinger, M., 2015. Community-based livestock breeding programmes: essentials and examples, Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, 132, 155–168

  14. Omondi, I., Baltenweck, I., Drucker, A.G., Obare, G. and Zander, K. K., 2008. Economic valuation of sheep genetic resources: implications for sustainable utilization in the Kenyan semi-arid tropics, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 40, 615–626

  15. R Core Team, 2017. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. URL https://www.R-project.org/.

  16. Roessler, R., Drucker, A.G., Scarpa, R., Markemann, A. Lemke, U., Thuy, L. T. and Zárate A.V., 2008. Using choice experiments to assess smallholder farmers’ preferences for pig breeding traits in different production systems in North–West Vietnam, Ecological Economics, 66, 184–192

  17. Siddo, S., Moula, N., Hamadou, I., Issa, M., Marichatou, H., Leroy, P. And Antoine-Moussiaux, N., 2015. Breeding criteria and willingness to pay for improved Azawak zebu sires in Niger, Archives Animal Breeding, 58, 251–259

  18. Tadesse, E., Negesse, T. and Abebe, G., 2015. Sheep production and marketing system in southern Ethiopia: the case of Awassazuria district, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 47, 1417–1425

  19. Tindano, K., Moula, N., Traoré, A., Leroy, P. and Antoine-Moussiaux, N., 2015. Characteristics and typology of sheep herding systems in the suburban area of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso), Archives Animal Breeding, 58, 415–423

  20. Tindano, K., Moula, N., Leroy, P., Traoré, A. and Antoine-Moussiaux, N., 2017. Market organization and animal genetic resource management: a revealed preference analysis of sheep pricing, Animal, doi:10.1017/S1751731117000477, 1–8

  21. Toure, A., Moula, M., Kouriba, A., Traore, B., Tindano, K., Leroy, P. and Antoine-Moussiaux, N., 2015. Dairy farms typology and management of animal genetic resources in the peri-urban zone of Bamako (Mali), Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, 116, 37–47

  22. Zonabend König, E., Mirkena, T., Strandberg, E., Audho, J., Ojango, J., Malmfors, B., Okeyo, A.M. and Philipsson, J., 2016. Participatory definition of breeding objectives for sheep breeds under pastoral systems—the case of Red Maasai and Dorper sheep in Kenya, Tropical Animal Health and Production, 48, 9–20

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to N. Antoine-Moussiaux.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Tindano, K., Moula, N., Traoré, A. et al. Assessing the diversity of preferences of suburban smallholder sheep keepers for breeding rams in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Trop Anim Health Prod 49, 1187–1193 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-017-1315-7

Download citation

Keywords

  • Sheep keepers
  • Choice experiments
  • Willingness to pay