Incidence and knowledge of bovine brucellosis in Kahuro district, Murang’a County, Kenya
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Brucellosis in cattle is a zoonosis mainly caused by Brucella abortus. In Kenya, the disease is widespread, but its prevalence is largely unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate incidence rates of brucellosis and farmers’ knowledge on the disease in Kahuro district, Murang’a County. In this study, 150 pooled milk samples were collected from 75 milk collection centers and tested. Subsequently, 230 milk samples were collected from farmers in 16 collection centers in Wangu and Mugoiri divisions whose pooled samples gave positive results. Five cow owners in each of the 16 collection centers were interviewed using a questionnaire to assess their knowledge levels. Wangu division had the highest incidence rate 19% with positive samples observed from 14 collection centers. Mugoiri division recorded 3% with two collection centers having positive samples, while Murarandia had none. All respondents with no formal education were unaware of the causative agent of brucellosis. There was a significant difference in incidence between Mugoiri and Wangu divisions (p < 0.05). Knowledge levels were high in the young and educated farmers compared to the old and uneducated. Frequent screening for brucellosis to identify infected animals should be initiated thus prevent transmission to other animals and humans.
KeywordsBrucellosis Zoonosis Transmission and incidence
The authors wish to acknowledge the director of Veterinary Services and head of Central Veterinary Laboratories Kabete (CVL) for granting permission to carry out the study in their laboratories. We thank all the staff working at the CVL for their invaluable support during data collection. We acknowledge the farmers who agreed to participate in this study, without whom this work would not have been realized.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Approval of the study was obtained from Graduate School Kenyatta University. To ensure confidentiality, code names instead of farmer’s names were used. The farmers were informed on the study purpose prior to commencement of the research through questionnaire preliminaries.
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