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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 49, Issue 4, pp 857–866 | Cite as

Effects of feeding ground pods of Enterolobium cyclocarpum Jacq. Griseb on dry matter intake, rumen fermentation, and enteric methane production by Pelibuey sheep fed tropical grass

  • S. Albores-Moreno
  • J. A. Alayón-Gamboa
  • A. J. Ayala-Burgos
  • F. J. Solorio-Sánchez
  • C. F. Aguilar-Pérez
  • L. Olivera-Castillo
  • J. C. Ku-Vera
Regular Articles

Abstract

An experiment was carried out to determine the effect of supplementing ground pods of Enterolobium cyclocarpum in a basal ration of Pennisetum purpureum grass on feed intake, rumen volatile fatty acids (VFAs), and protozoa and methane (CH4) production by hair sheep. Four male sheep (Pelibuey × Katahdin) with a mean live weight of 27.0 kg (SD ± 0.5) were supplemented with 0.00, 0.15, 0.30, and 0.45 kg of dry matter (DM) of E. cyclocarpum pods daily; equivalent to 0.00, 4.35, 8.70, and 13.05 g of crude saponins, respectively. Dry matter intake (DMI), organic matter intake (OMI), and molar proportions of propionic acid increased linearly (P < 0.05) as pods of E. cyclocarpum in the ration were increased. Higher intakes of DM and OM were found when lambs were fed 0.45 kg DM per day of E. cyclocarpum, and the highest proportion of propionic acid (0.21 and 0.22, respectively) was obtained with 0.15 and 0.30 kg of DM per lamb of E. cyclocarpum, while apparent digestibility of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and molar proportion of acetic acid were reduced (P < 0.05). Rumen CH4 production decreased (P < 0.05) when 0.30 and 0.45 kg of DM/lamb/day of E. cyclocarpum were fed (21.8 and 25.3 L CH4/lamb/day, respectively). These results suggest that to improve the feeding of sheep fed tropical grass, it is advisable to supplement the basal ration with up to 0.30 kg DM of E. cyclocarpum pods.

Keywords

Tree forages Saponins Greenhouse gases Mitigation Small ruminants 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Care of the animals in this study followed the guidelines of Mexican federal law of animal health (DOF 25-07-2007) and the Yucatan state law on animal protection and welfare, signaling the care that should ensure all domestic animals.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Albores-Moreno
    • 1
  • J. A. Alayón-Gamboa
    • 2
  • A. J. Ayala-Burgos
    • 1
  • F. J. Solorio-Sánchez
    • 1
  • C. F. Aguilar-Pérez
    • 1
  • L. Olivera-Castillo
    • 3
  • J. C. Ku-Vera
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y ZootecniaUniversidad Autónoma de YucatánMéridaMexico
  2. 2.El Colegio de la Frontera SurLermaMexico
  3. 3.CINVESTAV-IPN, Unidad MéridaMéridaMexico

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