Livestock is a one of the major sources of livelihood for most of the small and marginal farmers in India, particularly for rural households who live in below poverty line. Extension interventions have long been seen as a key element for enabling farmers to obtain information and technologies that can improve their livelihoods. It is also recognized that extension is an important factor in promoting dairy development. Ex-post-facto cause to effect research design was applied in this study to trace out the impact of extension interventions in improving knowledge, attitude, adoption towards scientific dairy farming practices and improvement in milk production of dairy animal and income from dairying which will be resulted into improved livelihood of rural poor in Nadia district of West Bengal, India. Therefore, 60 dairy farmers of experimental villages who were considered as beneficiaries and 60 dairy farmers of control villages who were considered as non-beneficiaries were selected as sample for the study. It was found that beneficiaries had significantly higher score in all the five components of livelihood improvement with its all sub components, i.e., knowledge, attitude, adoption of scientific dairy farming practices, milk production per household per day and monthly income from dairying except disease control, and marketing component of adoption. Hence, it may be concluded that extension interventions had a significant impact on improving livelihood of rural dairy farmers in Nadia district of West Bengal, India.
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We have a sincere gratitude to the Director, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal for providing all the facilities for this study. We are also thankful to our esteemed dairy farmers for sharing their views and giving time for the research work.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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Garai, S., Garai, S., Maiti, S. et al. Impact of extension interventions in improving livelihood of dairy farmers of Nadia district of West Bengal, India. Trop Anim Health Prod 49, 641–648 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-017-1244-5
- Extension intervention
- Livelihood improvement
- Dairy farmer