Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Yeast mixture of liquid beer and cassava pulp with rice straw for the growth of dairy heifers

  • 260 Accesses

  • 2 Citations

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the effects of mixtures of liquid brewer’s yeast (LBY) and cassava pulp (CVP) with rice straw (RS) on feed intake, digestibility, rumen fermentation, and growth of dairy heifers. Sixteen Holstein crossbred heifers (13.8 ± 1.6 months old, 210 ± 23 kg body weight (BW)) were randomly allocated to four feeding treatments with four replications, which were 0:0:100 (RS), 0:70:30 (0%LBY), 20:50:30 (20%LBY), and 50:20:30 (50%LBY), respectively, for LBY/CVP/RS on a fresh matter basis. The heifers were offered conventional concentrate at 1.5% initial body weight daily and fed the treatment diets ad libitum. Average daily gain and feed intake were not significantly different among the treatments. The heifers fed 50%LBY had the highest crude protein (CP) intake and DM, OM, and CP digestibility (P < 0.05). The ruminal pH did not differ significantly among treatments, while NH3-N was the highest (P < 0.05) in 50%LBY. Total volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations and the molar proportion of each VFA were not significantly different among the treatments. Blood urea nitrogen concentrations of 50%LBY were the highest among the treatments (P < 0.05). The results indicated that 50%LBY improved CP digestibility.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. AOAC. 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA, USA.

  2. Chauynarong, N., Bhuiyan, M.M., Kanto, U., and Iji, P.A., 2015. Variation in nutrient composition of cassava pulp and its effects on in vitro digestibility. Asian Journal of Poultry Science, 9, 203–212.

  3. Hassan, S.A., and Saeed, A.A., 2012. Effect of feeding different levels of dietary protein with high or low rumen degradable:undegradable dietary nitrogen on Awassi lambs performance 3-selected biochemical parameters. Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University Journal of Natural Sciences, 15, 36–45.

  4. Huntington, G.E., Poore, M., Hopkins, B., and Spears, J., 2001. Effect of ruminal protein degradability on growth and N metabolism in growing beef steers. Journal of Animal Science, 79, 533–541.

  5. Kamphayae, S., Kumagai, H., Angthong, W., Narmseelee, R., and Bureenok, S., 2016a. Effects of different ratios and storage periods of liquid brewer’s yeast mixed with cassava pulp on chemical composition, fermentation quality and in vitro ruminal fermentation. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, doi:10.5713/ajas.16.0218.

  6. Kamphayae, S., Kumagai, H., Bureenok, S., Narmseelee, R., and Butcha, P., 2016b. Effects of graded levels of liquid brewer’s yeast on chemical composition and fermentation quality in cassava pulp and rice straw-based total mixed ration silage. Animal Science Journal, doi:10.1111/asj.12682.

  7. Khampa, S., Chuelong, S., Kosonkittiumporn, S., and Khejornsart, P., 2010. Manipulation of yeast fermented cassava chip supplementation in dairy heifer raised under tropical condition. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9, 950–954.

  8. Kosugi, A., Kondo, A., Ueda, M., Murata, Y., Vaithanomsat, P., Thanapase, W., Arai, T., and Mori, Y., 2009. Production of ethanol from cassava pulp via fermentation with a surface-engineered yeast strain displaying glucoamylase. Renewable Energy, 34, 1354–1358.

  9. Mahanna, B., and Chase, L.E., 2003. Practical applications and solutions to silage problems. In: Buxton, D.R., Muck, R.E., Harrison, J.H. (eds.), Silage Science and Technology, pp. 251–304. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy, Crop Science Society of America, Soil Science Society of America.

  10. Mapato, C., Wanapat, M., and Cherdthong, A., 2010. Effects of urea treatment of straw and dietary level of vegetable oil on lactating dairy cows. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 42, 1635–1642.

  11. Matsumoto, M., 2004. Dietary protein degradation and microbial protein synthesis. In: Onodera R (eds), A World of Rumen. pp. 271–279. Nobunkyo, Tokyo. (In Japanese)

  12. McDonald, P., and Whittenbury, R., 1973. The ensilage process. In: Butler, G.W., Bailey, R.W. (eds), Chemistry and Biochemistry of Herbage, Vol. 3, pp. 33–60. Academic Press, London and New York.

  13. Moallem, U., Blanck, R., Leer, H., Livshitz, L., Zachut, M., and Arieli, A., 2011. Effects of high dietary crude protein on the characteristics of preovulatory follicles in dairy heifers. Journal of Dairy Science, 94, 785–792.

  14. Mutsvangwa, T., Davies, K.L., McKinnon, J.J., and Christensen, D.A., 2016. Effects of dietary crude protein and rumen-degradable protein concentrations on urea recycling, nitrogen balance, omasal nutrient flow, and milk production in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 99, 6298–6310.

  15. Perdock, H.B., 1987. Ammoniated rice straw as a feed for growing cattle. Ph.D. thesis, University of New England, Armidale, Australia.

  16. Peripolli, V., Barcellos, J.O.J., Prates, E.R., McManus, C., Silva, L.P., Stella, L.A., Costa Jr, J.B.G., and Lopes, R.B., 2016. Nutritional value of baled rice straw for ruminant feed. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia, 45, 392–399.

  17. Sarnklong, C., Cone, J.W., Pellikann, W., and Hendriks, W.H., 2010. Utilization of rice straw and different treatments to improve its feed value for ruminants: A review. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 23, 680–692.

  18. SAS. 1996: User’s Guide: Statistics. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.

  19. Society of Utilization of Self Supplied Feeds. 2009. The Guidebook for Quality Evaluation of Forage, 3rd ed. Japan Grassland Agriculture and Forage Seed Association, Tokyo. (In Japanese).

  20. Steckley, J.D., Grieve, D.G., Macleod, G.K., and Moran, E.T. Jr., 1979. Brewer’s Yeast Slurry, I. Composition as affected by length of storage, temperature, and chemical treatment. Journal of Dairy Science, 62, 941–946.

  21. Steel, R.G.D., and Torrie, J.H., 1980. Principles and Procedure of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 2nd ed. McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, NY, USA.

  22. Van Keulen, J., and Young, B.A., 1977. Evaluation of acid-insoluble ash as a marker in ruminant digestibility. Journal of Animal Science, 44, 282–287.

  23. Van Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B., and Lewis, B.A., 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science, 74, 3583–3597.

  24. Xu, C., Cai, Y., Moriya, N., and Ogawa, M., 2007. Nutritive value for ruminants of green tea grounds as a replacement of brewers’ grains in totally mixed ration silage. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 138, 228–238.

Download references

Acknowledgements

This study was financially supported by the Agricultural Research Development Agency (Public Organization), Thailand.

Author information

Correspondence to Sukanya Kamphayae.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kamphayae, S., Kumagai, H., Butcha, P. et al. Yeast mixture of liquid beer and cassava pulp with rice straw for the growth of dairy heifers. Trop Anim Health Prod 49, 491–496 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-016-1218-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Daily gain
  • Digestibility
  • Feed intake
  • Metabolites in the blood
  • Ruminal condition