Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp 793–799 | Cite as

Improved milk production performance of smallholder farms in West Java (Indonesia)

  • Pria SembadaEmail author
  • Guillaume Duteurtre
  • Bagus Priyo Purwanto
  • Suryahadi
Regular Articles


In Indonesia, because of the rapidly growing demand for dairy products, the development of milk production in rural communities can play a strong role in reducing poverty. However, the development of smallholder dairy production requires adequate support from the government, development organizations, and private firms. To assess the needs and situations of poor dairy farmers, we conducted a study in Ciater sub-district in West Java Province to compare the current situation with the situation that prevailed 4 years ago, i.e., before the implementation of a dairy development project. Data were collected from 61 farms in June 2014. The average number of cows on the farms surveyed was three to four, and each relied on cultivating an average of 0.4 ha of forage. Results showed that thanks to the project activities, milk productivity per cow and net income from milk production increased by 25 % between 2010 and 2014. These results underline the importance of providing training and technical support for the development of the livelihoods of dairy smallholders.


Milk production Dairy development Smallholder farmers Indonesia 



The authors gratefully acknowledge Danone Ecosysteme who funded this study, together with CIRAD and the Directorate General of Higher Education of the Ministry of Education and Culture in Indonesia. We are also thankful to Sahabat Cipta Foundation, the KPSBU cooperative, and local communities and producers for their cooperation during the field survey.

Compliance with ethical standards

Statement of human and animal rights

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Subang, 2014. Kecamatan Ciater dalam Angka tahun 2014, Subang.Google Scholar
  2. Badan Standardisasi Nasional. 2009. Pakan Konsentrat Sapi SNI 3148.1: 2009, Badan Standardisasi Nasional, Jakarta.Google Scholar
  3. Corniaux C., Alary V., Gautier D., Duteurtre G., 2012 : « Producteur laitier en Afrique de l’Ouest : une modernité rêvée par les techniciens à l’épreuve du terrain », Autrepart (62), 2012, p. 17–36 10.3917/autr.062.0017
  4. Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan, 1983. Laporan pertemuan pelaksanaan uji coba faktor-faktor penentu dan perencanaan tata penyuluhan subsektor peternakan. Departemen Pertanian, Jakarta.Google Scholar
  5. Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan, 2013. Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. Kementerian Pertanian Republik Indonesia, Jakarta.Google Scholar
  6. Hostiou N., Khanh Duy Pham, G. Duteurtre, Vu Trong Bin, B. Dedieu, 2012. “Relationships between work organization and size of dairy farms: a case-study based in Vietnam.”, Tropical Animal Health and Production, DOI:  10.1007/s11250-012-0128-y.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Marten, G.G., Abdoellah, O.S., 1988. Crop diversity and nutrition in West Java. Ecol. Food Nutr. 21, 17–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Moran, 2005. Tropical dairy farming: feeding management for smallholder dairy farmers in the humid tropics, Landlinks Press, 312 p.
  9. Nganga S.K., Kungu J., Ridder N., and Herrero M., 2010. Profit efficiency among Kenyan smallholders milk producers: A case study of Meru-South district, Kenya, Agricultural Resources, 5, 332–337Google Scholar
  10. Pandian A.S.S., Shree J.S., Raja M.B., and Vetrivel D., 2013. Efficiency of resources use in urban milk production in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, Vet Sci, 2(4), 118–120. Accessed 18 October2014
  11. Nell and Rollinson, 1974. The requirement and availability of livestock feed in Indonesia. FAO. ReportGoogle Scholar
  12. Sahabat Cipta Foundation, 2011. Laporan Akhir: Karakteristik peternak sapi perah Ciater, oleh Lembaga Studi Pembangunan Peternakan Indonesia, Bekerjasama dengan, KPSBU Jawa Barat, Yayasan Sahabat Cipta, Danone Dairy Indonesia, Jakarta, 55 p. + DatabaseGoogle Scholar
  13. Sajjad, M., & Khan, M. 2010. Economic efficiency of milk production in District Peshawer : a Stochastic Frontier Approach. Agriculture, 26(4), 655–663Google Scholar
  14. Taslim. 2011. Pengaruh faktor produksi susu usahaternak sapi perah melalui pendekatan analisis jalur di Jawa Barat.Ilmu Ternak, 1(10), 52–56Google Scholar
  15. Tawaf, R., & Surianingrat, A. S. 2010. The Role of Demo Farm to Develop Small Holder, (p. 5), BandungGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pria Sembada
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guillaume Duteurtre
    • 2
  • Bagus Priyo Purwanto
    • 1
  • Suryahadi
    • 3
  1. 1.Diploma Program, Bogor Agricultural UniversityBogorIndonesia
  2. 2.UMR SELMET CIRADCampus International de BaillarguetMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Department of Nutrition Science and Feed Technology, Faculty of Animal ScienceBogor Agricultural UniversityBogorIndonesia

Personalised recommendations