Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 663–666 | Cite as

Serological evidence of type 2 (North American genotype) porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in Nepal

  • Barun Kumar Sharma
  • Salina Manandhar
  • Brecht Devleesschauwer
Short Communications


Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has spread throughout Asia, causing significant losses to commercial farmers and smallholders. However, little is known about PRRS in Nepal, a South Asian country with a gradually increasing pig industry. In 2011, a pilot project was initiated to identify the status of PRRSV in pigs of the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal. Out of 98 serum samples, 31 (32 %; 95 % CI 23–42 %) were found positive by ELISA. All positive samples belonged to the type 2 (North American) genotype. Molecular evaluation by real-time PCR however did not yield positive results. At the herd level, seropositivity was associated with a history of abortion and premature birth. Veterinarians, farmers and government should be aware of this threat to the Nepalese pig industry and initiate an appropriate response.


Diagnosis Nepal Pigs PRRS Risk factors 



We are grateful to Dr Tony Williams, Dr Ram Krishna Khatiwada, Dr Kishan Chand Thakuri, Dr Bal Bahadur Chand, Dr Damodar Sedai, Dr Khadak Singh Bisht, Dr Bishnu Bahadur Adhikari, and others who have supported this study. Similarly, the Department of Livestock Services (DLS), Directorate of Animal Health (DAH), and Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL) are also acknowledged for giving permission to conduct this study.

Compliance with ethical standard


This study was funded by the FAO Technical Assistance to Avian Influenza Control Programme (grant number UTF/NEP/061/NEP).

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Veterinary, Animal and Biomedical SciencesMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  2. 2.Department of Livestock Services, Ministry of Agricultural DevelopmentKathmanduNepal
  3. 3.Emerging Pathogens Institute and Department of Animal SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  4. 4.Department of Virology, Parasitology and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineGhent UniversityGhentBelgium

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