Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 47, Issue 7, pp 1417–1425 | Cite as

Sheep production and marketing system in southern Ethiopia: the case of Awassazuria district

  • Estefanos TadesseEmail author
  • Tegene Negesse
  • Girma Abebe
Short Communications

Abstract

A survey was conducted in Awassazuria district of southern Ethiopia to characterize sheep production system. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data. Using purposive sampling, a total of 120 households from the district were included in the survey. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Result indicated that Kajima neighbourhood has more (p < 0.05) grazing land than the others. Communal grazing, roadside grazing, enset (false banana, Ensete ventricosum), banana leaf and private grazing land were major feed resources for sheep. Lake Awassa and tap water were permanent water sources. Watering frequency of sheep varies from once a day to once in 4 days. Sheep are primarily kept to generate income and equilibrate benefit and risk and for home consumption. The criteria used by the households for purchase and sale of sheep are physical characteristics (coat colour, horn and tail) (46.7 %), body conformation (35 %), age (10.8 %) and known local ecotype (7.5 %). The reasons of slaughter of sheep include festival (55 %), childbirth (18.3 %), wedding (12.5 %), mutton for home (9 %), circumcision (5 %) and for guest (1.7 %). Farmers fatten sheep for New Year (60 %), Easter (30.8 %), Christmas and Arefa (Eid al-Adha celebration (Feast of the Sacrifice); <10 %). The reasons for expansion of sheep flock in the future were market price, high market demand, immediate return, ease of management, equilibrium between benefits and risks and suitability for home consumption, ranked in decreasing order of importance. The sheep production in southern Ethiopia is constrained by shortage of grazing land (23.3 %), recurrent drought (17.5 %), disease and parasite (15 %), marketing (10.8 %), water shortage (9 %) and other constraints including predators and lack of input, capital and lack of extension service. The presence of diversified and environmentally adaptable sheep breeds, high demand of mutton in the Awassa town and presence of nutritious and unutilized feed resources like fish meal and poultry litter were some of the opportunities for sheep production in the area

Keywords

Constraints Keeping sheep Opportunities Production system Smallholders 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge IRISH operational research fund under Awassa University for funding the research.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest

References

  1. Adane Hirpa and Girma Abebe. 2007. Economic significance of sheep and goats. Sheep and Goats production Hand book for Ethiopia Chapter 1. ESGPIP hand book. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia pp 1-6.Google Scholar
  2. Asefa Tadesse. 2007. Poultry management practice and on farm performance evaluation of Rhode Island red, Fayoumi and local chickens in Umbullowacho watershed in Sidama zone. pp 25.Google Scholar
  3. Belete Shenkute. 2009. Production and marketing system of sheep and goats around Gomma, south western Ethiopia. Msc thesis submitted to Awassa University. pp 41.Google Scholar
  4. CSA (Central Statistics Agency). 2008-9. Livestock and Livestock characteristics, (private peasant holdings). Agricultural Sample survey. Statistical bulletin volume II, Central Statistics Agency. Addis Ababa. Ethiopia.Google Scholar
  5. Diagnostic survey Report. 2003. Ireland aid Ethiopia operational research and capacity building for food, security and sustainable livelihood project, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, July 14-27, pp 18.Google Scholar
  6. Endeshaw Assefa. 2007. Production and marketing system of goats in Dale district Sidama zone, south Ethiopia. MSC Thesis submitted to Awassa University. pp 90-109.Google Scholar
  7. Ewunetu Ermias Alemu Yami and J E O Rege. 2006. Slaughter characterstics of menz and Horo sheep. Small Ruminant Research vol 64, issue 1-2. pp 10-15.Google Scholar
  8. FAO. 2002. Protein source for animal feed industry. FAO Animal health and production paper 1. Expert consultation and workshop. Bangkok, 29 April-3 May 2002. Also available on: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/007/y5019e/y5019e00.pdf
  9. FAO. 2003. Agroecological classification of Ethiopia. Environment and Natural Resources Service Research, Extension and Training Division FAO Sustainable Development Department. Environment and Natural Resources Working Paper No. 16. FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2003.Google Scholar
  10. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2004. Livestock sector brief: Ethiopia. Livestock Information, sector analysis and policy branch (AGAL), FAO, Rome, Italy.Google Scholar
  11. Fiona, M., E. Kebebe, T.T. Ewdros, T. Waktole, T. Kewoldneshand, Z. Zemedkun. 2007. Farmers perception of their own livelihood in UmbulloWach watershed. In: proceeding of TRISH AID supported operational research project review work shop. Hawassa University. Awassa. 11-13 Jan 2007. pp. 63-91.Google Scholar
  12. Gazda, T.L., R.G. Piazzetta, J.R. Dittrich, A.L.G. Monteiro, and V.T. Soccol. 2009. Distribution of nematode larvae of sheep in tropical pasture plants. Small Ruminants Research vol 82, issue 2–3. pp 94-98.Google Scholar
  13. Getahun Legesse. 2008. Economic performance of small ruminants in mixed farming system of southern Ethiopia. In: Productive and economic performance of small ruminants in two production system of the high lands of Ethiopia. PhD dissertation. Faculty of Agricultural Science at Universitat Hohenheim, Stuttgart-Honhenheim. pp 63-76.Google Scholar
  14. Markos, T. 2006. Productivity and Health of indigenous sheep Breeds and Crossbreds in the Central Ethiopian Highlands. Faculty of Medicine and Animal Science Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics. Ph.D. dissertation. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, SwedenGoogle Scholar
  15. Markos Tibbo. 2000. Livestock production constraints in a M2-2 sub-agroecological zone with special reference to goat production. In: R.C. Merkel, G. Abebe and A.L. Goetsch (eds.). The Opportunities and Challenges of Enhancing Goat Production in East Africa. Proceedings of a conference held at Debub University, Awassa, Ethiopia from November 10 to 12, 2000. E (Kika) de la Garza Institute for Goat Research, Langston University, Langston, OK, pp. 92-106.Google Scholar
  16. Otte, M. J and Chilonda, P. 2003. Classification of cattle and small ruminant production system in sub Saharan Africa. Outlook on Agriculture. 32 (3):183-190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Senbeto Funte. 2006. Assessment of forage biomass production, available feed resource and resource use system in Umbullowacho watershed. MSc thesis submitted to university of Hawassa, Awassa, Ethiopia. pp 29-35.Google Scholar
  18. Solomon Gizaw Gebremichael. 2008. Sheep resource of Ethiopia: Genetic diversity and breeding strategy. PHD thesis, Wageningen University, The Netherlands. pp 11-29.Google Scholar
  19. Tekeleyohannes Berhanu. 2007. On farm development of fodder tree and shrubs to enhance small holder sheep productivity in Umbullowacho water shed. In: Proceeding of TRISH AID supported operational research project review work shop. Hawassa University, Awassa. 11-13 Jan 2007. pp. 165-170.Google Scholar
  20. Tsedekekocho. 2007. Production and marketing system of sheep and goats in Alaba, southern Ethiopia. MSC Thesis. Submitted to Hawassa University Awassa, Ethiopia. pp. 47.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Estefanos Tadesse
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tegene Negesse
    • 2
  • Girma Abebe
    • 2
  1. 1.Adami Tullu Agricultural Research CenterZewayEthiopia
  2. 2.Awassa University of AgricultureHawassaEthiopia

Personalised recommendations