Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 46, Issue 8, pp 1497–1502 | Cite as

Feeding value of hays of tropical forage legumes in pigs: Vigna unguiculata, Psophocarpus scandens, Pueraria phaseoloides and Stylosanthes guianensis

  • Bienvenu Kambashi
  • Christelle Boudry
  • Pascale Picron
  • Honoré Kiatoko
  • Jérôme Bindelle
Short Communications

Abstract

The effects of four tropical forage legume hays (Vigna unguiculata, Psophocarpus scandens, Pueraria phaseoloides and Stylosanthes guianensis) on voluntary feed intake (VFI) and their nutritive value were studied in growing pigs using a corn-soybean meal-based diet containing varying proportions of forage legume hays (0, 10, 20 and 40 % or 0, 12.5 and 25 % for VFI and nutritive value determination, respectively). There was no difference in VFI between species (P > 0.20), but a linear response to forage inclusion level (P < 0.05) was observed decreasing from 126 for 0 % to approximately 84 g/kg of body weight for the 40 % forage diets, except for V. unguiculata, where the response was quadratic (P = 0.01). All four forage species linearly decreased the total tract apparent digestibility (TTAD) from 0.76 to 0.61, 0.80 to 0.68, 0.54 to 0.40 and 0.58 to 0.31 except for S. guianensis (0.44) for DM, N, NDF and N retention, respectively. Differences in digestibility (P < 0.05) between species were also observed. Due to their negative influence on the overall digestibility, the contribution of hays should not exceed 12.5 %, except for S. guianensis, in which N retention remained quite high (0.44) at the highest inclusion level (25 %). P. phaseoloides hay should be avoided in pigs as it combines the lowest VFI with the lowest nutrient digestibility.

Keywords

Tropical forage legumes Pigs Nutritive value 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge Wallonie-Bruxelles International (Brussels, Belgium) for funding this study (CAVTK project) and the workers in Kolo-Fuma (SEBO, Bas-Congo, DRC) for their support.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bienvenu Kambashi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christelle Boudry
    • 2
  • Pascale Picron
    • 2
  • Honoré Kiatoko
    • 1
  • Jérôme Bindelle
    • 2
  1. 1.Université de KinshasaLembaDemocratic Republic of the Congo
  2. 2.Animal Science Unit, Gembloux Agro-Bio TechUniversity of LiègeGemblouxBelgium

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