Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 221–228 | Cite as

Feed intake, nutrient digestibility and ruminal fermentation activities in sheep-fed peanut hulls treated with Trichoderma viride or urea

  • Fawzy M. Abo-Donia
  • Safa N. Abdel-Azim
  • Mona M. Y. Elghandour
  • Abdelfattah Z. M. Salem
  • Germán Buendía
  • N. A. M. Soliman
Regular Articles


This study aimed to assess impacts of fungal treatment on the nutritional value of peanut hulls (PH) or urea at the rate of 5 kg/100 g of PH. Fermented sugar beet pulp inoculated with Trichoderma viride was supplemented to PH at rates of 5.0, 10.0 and 15.0 g/100 g air dry of PH and mixed well before aerobic incubation for 21 days. Organic matter (OM) content of PH declined with increased levels of fermented sugar beet pulp inoculums, while crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), and ash increased. Fiber contents were decreased with both treatments of fermented sugar beet pulp and urea. Total N of PH increased with urea treatment, which reduced the true protein N to total protein N ratio. In sacco degradabilities of dry matter (DM), OM, and CP with urea treatment increased compared with fungal treatment. The DM intake of peanut hulls treated with fungus (PHF) was higher (P < 0.05) than with peanut hulls treated with urea (PHU). Digestibility of OM, CP, neutral detergent fiber, and non-fiber carbohydrate by native breed Ossimi sheep with PH were higher (P < 0.05) than with PH or urea treated PH. The intakes, losses, and balance of N increased (P < 0.01) with PHF versus PH feeding. Feeding PHF increased (P < 0.01) ruminal concentrations of NH3-N, acetic acid, butyric acid, and the acetic to propionic acid ratio. Bacterial and protozoal counts increased (P < 0.05) with feeding PHF or PHU versus PH. Overall, this fungal treatment of peanut hulls created a higher nutritive value feed for ruminants.


Peanut hulls Fungi Urea Digestibility 



Acid detergent fiber


Crude protein


Dry matter


Ether extract


Neutral detergent fiber


Organic matter


Peanut hulls


Peanut hulls treated with fungus


Peanut hulls treated with urea


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fawzy M. Abo-Donia
    • 1
  • Safa N. Abdel-Azim
    • 1
  • Mona M. Y. Elghandour
    • 2
  • Abdelfattah Z. M. Salem
    • 2
    • 4
  • Germán Buendía
    • 3
  • N. A. M. Soliman
    • 1
  1. 1.Animal Production Research InstituteMinistry of AgricultureGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y ZootecniaUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de MéxicoEstado de MéxicoMéxico
  3. 3.Centro Nacional de Investigación Disciplinaria en Fisiología y Mejoramiento AnimalINIFAPAjuchitlánMéxico
  4. 4.Faculty of Agriculture (El-Shatby)Alexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

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