Advertisement

Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp 1071–1077 | Cite as

Effect of farrowing duration, parity number and the type of anti-inflammatory drug on postparturient disorders in sows: a clinical study

  • Padet TummarukEmail author
  • Kridtasak Sang-Gassanee
Computational mathematics

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of farrowing duration, parity number, and type of anti-inflammatory drug used postpartum on the incidence of postparturient disorders in sows. The duration of farrowing and postparturient disorders were examined in 64 sows at Days 0, 1, 2, and 3 after farrowing. The sows were classified according to parity number (1, 2–4, and 5–7), duration of farrowing (<2, 2–2.9, 3–3.9, and 4–8 h), and the type of anti-inflammatory drugs (flunixin méglumine and dipyrone). The farrowing duration was 178.0 ± 73.5 min (2.96 h). The percentage of sows with fever increased from 40 to 100 % when the farrowing duration increased from <2 to 4–8 h. On Day 1 of the postpartum, 93.7 % of primiparous sows had fever, while 52.6 and 47.6 % of sows parity 2–4 and 5–7 had a fever (P < 0.05). The presence of vaginal discharge on Day 1 of the postpartum was higher in sows of parity 5–7 than sows of parity 2–4 (85.7 and 52.6 %, P = 0.029). The use of flunixin méglumine after parturition in sows reduced the percentage of sows with a fever from 61.3 to 22.6 % within 2 days (P = 0.002), while, the percentage of sows with a fever was not decreased in sows treated with dipyrone. It can be concluded that the incidence of postparturient disorders in sows was affected by sow parity, farrowing duration and the type of anti-inflammatory drug used. Sows with a farrowing duration of ≥4 h were at a high risk of having fever at Day 1 after parturition.

Keywords

Pig Reproduction Parturition MMA NSAID 

Reference

  1. Buur, J.L., Baynes, R.E., Smith, G. and Riviere, J.E., 2006. Pharmacokinetics of flunixin méglumine in swine after intravenous dosing. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 29, 437–440.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gerjets, I. and Kemper, N., 2009. Coliform mastitis in sows: a review. Journal of Swine Health and Production, 17, 97–105.Google Scholar
  3. Glock, X.T.P. and Bilkei, G., 2005. The effect of postparturient urogenital diseases on the lifetime reproductive performance of sows. Canadian Veterinarinary Journal, 46, 1103–1107.Google Scholar
  4. Hirsch, A.C., Philipp, H. and Kleemann, R., 2003. Investigation on the efficacy of meloxicam in sows with mastitis-metritis-agalactia syndrome. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 26, 355–360.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kemper, N. and Gerjets, I., 2009. Bacteria in milk from anterior and posterior mammary glands in sows affected and unaffected by postpartum dysgalactia syndrome (PPDS). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 51, 26.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Koketsu, Y., Dial, G.D., Pettigrew, J.E., Marsh, W.E. and King, V.L., 1996. Characterization of feed intake patterns during lactation in commercial swine herds. Journal of Animal Science, 74, 1202–1210.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Lees, P., Landoni, M.F., Giraudel, J. and Toutain, P.L., 2004. Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in species of veterinary interest. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 27, 479–490.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Milligan, B.N., Dewey, C.E. and De Grau, A.F., 2002. Neonatal-piglet weight variation and its relation to pre-weaning mortality and weight gain on commercial farms. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 56, 119–127.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Neil, M., Ogle, B. and Annér, K., 1996. A two-diet system and ad libitum lactation feeding of the sow 1. Sow performance. Animal Science, 62, 337–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Oliviero, C., Heinonen, M., Valros, A. and Peltoniemi, O., 2010. Environmental and sow-related factors affecting the duration of farrowing. Animal Reproduction Science, 119, 85–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Papadopoulos, G.A., Vanderhaeghe, C., Janssens, G.P.J., Dewulf, J. and Maes, D.G.D., 2010. Risk factors associated with postpartum dysgalactia syndrome in sows. The Veterinary Journal, 184, 167–171.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Smith, B.B. and Wagner, W.C., 1985. Effect of Escherichia coli endotoxin and thyrotropin-releasing hormone on prolactin in lactating sows. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 46, 175–180.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Tummaruk, P., 2010. Effect of backfat loss during lactation on weaning-to-oestrus interval in sows. Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 40, 96.Google Scholar
  14. Tummaruk, P., Tantasuparuk, W., Techakumphu, M. and Kunavongkrit, A., 2010a. Influence of repeat-service and weaning-to-first-service interval on farrowing proportion of gilts and sows, Preventive Veterinary Medicine. 96, 194–200.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tummaruk, P., Tantasuparuk, W., Techakumphu, M. and Kunavongkrit, A., 2010b. Seasonal influence on the litter size at birth of pig are more pronounced in the gilt than sow litter. Journal of Agricultural Science, 148, 421–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Vallet, J.L., Miles, J.R., Brown-Brandl, T.M. and Nienaber, J.A., 2010. Proportion of the litter farrowed, litter size, and progesterone and estradiol effects on piglet birth interval and stillbirths. Animal Reproduction Science, 119, 68–75.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Van Dijk, A.J., van Rens, B.T., van der Lende, T. and Tavern, M.A.M., 2005. Factors effecting duration of expulsive stage of parturition and piglet birth intervals in sows with uncomplicated, spontaneous farrowings. Theriogenology, 64, 1573–1590.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Zu-gong, Y., Chun-mao, J., Yong-gang, G., Yi-yi, H. and Da-jian, C., 2007. Pharmacokinetics of flunixin méglumine after intravenous and intramuscular administration in pigs. Agricultural Science China, 6, 1396–1401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and ReproductionFaculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.Intervet (Thailand) LtdBangkokThailand

Personalised recommendations