Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 351–366 | Cite as

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis: an insidious problem for the ruminant industry

  • Mohamed Salem
  • Carsten Heydel
  • Amr El-Sayed
  • Samia A. Ahmed
  • Michael Zschöck
  • George Baljer
Reviews

Abstract

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis is considered as one of the most serious problems affecting the world’s ruminant industry due to its significant impact on the global economy and the controversial issue that it may be pathogenic for humans. M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis is the causative agent of Johne’s disease in animals and might be implicated in cases of human Crohn’s disease. We provide an insight into M. avium subspecies paratuberculosis from some bacteriological, clinical, and molecular epidemiological perspectives.

Keywords

Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Johne’s disease Crohn’s disease Food safety Diagnosis Molecular epidemiology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Salem
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Carsten Heydel
    • 2
  • Amr El-Sayed
    • 3
    • 4
  • Samia A. Ahmed
    • 1
  • Michael Zschöck
    • 4
  • George Baljer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Institute for Hygiene and Infectious Diseases of AnimalsJustus Liebig University GiessenGiessenGermany
  3. 3.Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  4. 4.Department of Veterinary MedicineLandesbetrieb Hessisches Landeslabor (LHL)GiessenGermany

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