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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 435–440 | Cite as

Several enteropathogens are circulating in suckling and newly weaned piglets suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara, Cuba

  • Pedro Yoelvys de la Fé RodríguezEmail author
  • Luis O. Maroto Martin
  • Eduardo Cruz Muñoz
  • Hein Imberechts
  • Patrick Butaye
  • Bruno Maria Goddeeris
  • Eric Cox
Regular Articles

Abstract

Intestinal contents of suckling (n = 45) and newly weaned (n = 45) piglets, suffering from diarrhea in the province of Villa Clara in Cuba, were tested for viral, bacterial, and parasitic enteropathogens from May to June 2008. At least one enteropathogen was identified in 53.3 % of piglets and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC; 25.6 %) was the major pathogen; mostly STa+/STb+ or F4+/STa+/STb+ ETEC were isolated. The overall occurrence of the rest of pathogens was 10 % for transmissible gastroenteritis virus (TGEV) and Cryptosporidium parvum, 6.7 % for rotavirus A and Isospora suis, 5.6 % for α-toxigenic Clostridium perfringens, 3.3 % for verotoxigenic E. coli (VTEC), and 2.2 % for Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Newport. TGEV and α-toxigenic C. perfringens were only identified in suckling piglets, while Salmonella Newport and VTEC were only detected in weaned pigs. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV), β-toxigenic C. perfringens, Eimeria spp., and helminths were not identified. Eight kinds of mixed infections were detected in 25 % of enteropathogen positive piglets. ETEC was present in 10 of 12 mixed infections, and TGEV infections were never combined. This survey demonstrates that several enteropathogens are circulating in piggeries located in the province of Villa Clara in Cuba, and that is necessary to improve surveillance, prevention, and control of enteric infections in order to increase production efficiency.

Keywords

Cuba Diarrhea Enteropathogens Newly weaned piglet Suckling piglet 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was funded by a Cooperation Program between Vlaamse Interuniversitaire Raad (Belgium) and Universidad Central (Cuba). The authors thank the Cuban Company of Pork Production and the Cuban Institute of Veterinary Medicine for supporting this survey.

Ethical standards

The handling of piglets during sampling complied with recommendations of the Cuban Veterinary authorities in all sampled piggeries.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Yoelvys de la Fé Rodríguez
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Luis O. Maroto Martin
    • 2
  • Eduardo Cruz Muñoz
    • 2
  • Hein Imberechts
    • 3
  • Patrick Butaye
    • 3
  • Bruno Maria Goddeeris
    • 1
    • 4
  • Eric Cox
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineGhent UniversityMerelbekeBelgium
  2. 2.Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Facultad de Ciencias AgropecuariasUniversidad Central “Marta Abreu” de Las VillasSanta ClaraCuba
  3. 3.Veterinary and Agrochemical Research CentreBrusselsBelgium
  4. 4.Department of Biosystems, Faculty of Bioscience EngineeringKatholieke Universiteit LeuvenHeverleeBelgium

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