Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 379–385 | Cite as

Partial replacement of dried Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit leaves for noug (Guizotia abyssinica) (L.f.) Cass. seed cake in the diet of highland sheep fed on wheat straw

Regular Article

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of replacing noug (Guizotia abyssinica) (L.f.) Cass. seed cake by dried Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit leaves on feed intake, live weight gain, nutrient digestibility, and nitrogen balance of highland sheep in Tigray Region in northern Ethiopia. Twenty intact yearling male highland sheep weighing16.9 ± 1.62 kg were used in a randomized complete block design and included the following four treatments: T1 (control, wheat straw ad libitum + 200 g noug seed cake (NSC) + 150 g wheat bran (WB)); T2 (wheat straw ad libitum + 170 g NSC + 44.3 g dried L. leucocephala (DLL) + 150 g WB); T3 (wheat straw ad libitum + 140 g NSC + 87.3 g DLL + 150 g WB); and T4 (wheat straw ad libitum + 110 g NSC + 130.2 g DLL + 150 g WB). Sheep fed on T4 diet consumed higher total dry matter (658 g/head/day) and recorded the highest average daily weight gain (59 g/head/day). Sheep fed on T4 diet had higher dry matter (61 %), organic matter (63 %), and crude protein (75 %) digestibility values than the other treatments. Sheep fed on T3 diet demonstrated higher feed conversion ratio (11.93) than sheep kept on the other treatments. All sheep exhibited positive nitrogen balance, with the highest nitrogen retention being measured in T4 (12 g/head/day). It is concluded that partially replacing NSC by DLL can improve total dry matter intake, digestibility of nutrients, and body weight gain in highland sheep fed on wheat straw as the basal diet.

Keywords

Body weight Digestibility Dry matter intake Feed conversion Legumes 

Abbreviations

ADF

Acid detergent fiber

ADL

Acid detergent lignin

BW

Body weight

CP

Crude protein

DM

Dry matter

NDF

Neutral detergent fiber

NSC

Noug seed cake

OM

Organic matter

WB

Wheat bran

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tigray Agricultural Research InstituteAlamata Agricultural Research CenterTigrayEthiopia
  2. 2.Department of Animal, Rangeland and Wildlife SciencesMekelle UniversityTigrayEthiopia

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