Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 44, Issue 7, pp 1581–1586 | Cite as

Effect of dietary inclusion of fermented pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) meal on growth, apparent nutrient digestibility and blood parameters of cockerel chicks

  • Abimbola Oladele Oso
  • Olusegun Mark Obawale Idowu
  • Adebayo Vincent Jegede
  • Wasiu A. Olayemi
  • Olubukola A. Lala
  • Adeyemi Mustapha Bamgbose
Original Research

Abstract

The effect of dietary inclusion of fermented pigeon pea meal (FPPM) on growth response, apparent nutrient digestibility, haematological indices and serum biochemistry of cockerel chicks was studied using 240-day-old cockerel chicks allotted to four dietary treatments consisting of 60 birds each. Four experimental diets were formulated to include FPPM at 0, 50, 100 and 150 g/kg inclusion levels, respectively. Each of the diets was fed to 60 birds replicated six times with ten birds per replicate. The feeding trial lasted for 56 days. Results indicated that final live weight (linear (L). quadratic (Q): P < 0.05), weight gain (L.Q: P < 0.01), feed intake (Q.: P < 0.05) and coefficient of total tract apparent crude protein digestibility (P < 0.05) were reduced with increasing dietary inclusion of FPPM. Similar improved feed-to-gain ratios were obtained for chicks fed the control and those fed a diet containing 50 g/kg FPPM. Coefficient of total tract apparent ether extract and ash digestibility were not affected (P > 0.05) by the inclusion of FPPM. Haemoglobin and serum uric acid concentrations were also reduced (P < 0.05) with increasing dietary inclusion of FPPM. Chicks fed with 150 g/kg FPPM had the least (P < 0.05) packed cell volume, red blood cell and neutrophil count. It was concluded that dietary inclusion of up to 50 g/kg FPPM could be used in the ration for cockerel chicks without imposing any threat on the growth response, nutrient digestibility and blood constituents.

Keywords

Growth response Haematological indices Nutrient utilisation Serum biochemistry 

References

  1. Ahamefule, FO., Obua, BE., Ukweni, IA., Oguike M.A and Amaka RA., 2008. Haematological and biochemical profile of weaner rabbits fed raw or processed pigeon pea seed meal based diets. African Journal of Agricultural Research 3 (4), pp. 315-319Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed, B.H., Abdel Ati, KA and Elawad, SM., 2006. Effect of feeding different level of soaked pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds on broiler chickens performance and profitability. Journal of Animal Veterinary Science, (1), 1-4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Akanji, A., Ologhobo, AD., Emiola, IA and Oladunyoye, IO. 2003. Effect of raw and differently processed pegion pea on performance and nutrients utilization of broiler chickens. Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference. Nigerian Society for Animal Production. Ibadan, pp 184–188Google Scholar
  4. Amaefule, KU and Nwagbara, NN., 2004. The Effect of Processing on Nutrient Utilization of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) Seed Meal and Pigeonpea Seed Meal Based Diets by Pullets. International Journal of Poultry Science 3 (8), 543-546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Amaefule, KU and Obioha, FC., 2001. Performance and nutrient utilization of diets containing raw, boiled or dehulled pigeon pea seed meal (Cajanus cajan) fed to broiler finishers. Nigeria Journal of Animal Production 28, 135-142.Google Scholar
  6. Amaefule, KU and Onwudike, OC., 2000. Evaluation of processing methods for pigeon pea seed (Cajanus cajan) as protein source for broiler starter. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture and Environment 2, 134-138.Google Scholar
  7. Amaefule, KU., Ojewola, GS and Ironkwe, MC., 2006. Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) Seed Meal as Protein Source for Pullets: 2. Response of Pullets to Higher Inclusion Level and Prolonged Feeding of Raw or Processed Pigeon Pea Seed Meal Diets International Journal of Poultry Science 4 (3), 289-295Google Scholar
  8. Ani, AO and Okeke, GC., 2011. The performance of broiler birds fed varying levels of roasted pigeonpea (cajanus cajan) seed meal. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 10 (11), 1036-1040CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. AOAC., 1990. Official methods of Analysis. Association of official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC USA.Google Scholar
  10. AOAC., 1995. Official Method of Analysis, 16th ed. Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Arlington, USA.Google Scholar
  11. Bousnes, R., Taussky, H H., 1945. Colorimetric determination of creatinine by Jaffe Reaction, Journal of Biochemistry 158, 581-591Google Scholar
  12. Cannan, RK., 1958. Text Book of Clinical Practical Biochemistry, vol. I, 5th ed. CBS Publisher and Distributors, pp. 479–480.Google Scholar
  13. Damaris, AO., 2007. The potential of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan(L.) Millsp.) in Africa. Natural Resources Forum 31, 297–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dulhan, A., Khetarpaul, N and Bishnoi, S., 2002. Changes in phytates and HCl -extractability of calcium, phosphorus and iron of soaked, dehulled, cooked, and sprouted pigeon pea cultivar. Plant Food for Human Nutrition 57, 275–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Eggum, B. O., 1989. Biochemical and methodological principles. In : Block, A. D., Eggum, B. O., Low, A. G., Simon, O and Zebrowske, T.(ed) Protein metabolism in Farm Animals, Evaluation, Digestion, Absorption and Metabolism. Verlog, Oxford Science Publications, London. pp.1-52.Google Scholar
  16. Etuk, EB., Udedibie, ABI and Obikaonu, HO., 2002. Replacement value of cooked pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal and maize in broiler finisher diet. In: Proc. 7th Annual Conference of Animal Science Association of Nigeria (ASAN), pp 157–160.Google Scholar
  17. Gomez, AK and Gomez, A A. 1983. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research (Second edition). International Rice Research Institute.Google Scholar
  18. Hoff, JE and Singleton, K E., 1977. A method for the determination of tannin in food. Journal of Food Science 42, 6-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Iorgyer, M.I., Odoh, O.E., Ikondo, N.D and Okoh, J.J. 2009. The Replacement Value of Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) For Maize on Performance of Broiler Finishers Production Agriculture and Technology 5 (1), 67–74Google Scholar
  20. Kakade, ML., Hoffa, DE and Liener, IE., 1973. Contribution of trypsin inhibitor to the deleterious effects of unheated soyabeans fed to rats. Journal of Nutrition 103, 1772–1779.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Kumar, R and Singh, M., 1984. Tannins: their adverse role in ruminant nutrition Journal of Agriculture, Food and Chemistry 32, 447-453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liener, I E., 1985. Anti-nutritional factors. In: Legumes, chemistry, technology and human nutrition. Matthew, R.H (ed). Marce Derker Inc., New York. Pp.339-382Google Scholar
  23. Liu, K and Markakis, H., 1989. An improved colorimetric method for determining antitrypsin activity in soyabean products. Cereal Chemistry 66, 415-422.Google Scholar
  24. MacWilliam, P S., Seary, I and JE Balley., 1982. Bovine post parturient haemoglobinuria. Canadian Veterinary Journal 23, 309-312Google Scholar
  25. Mekbungwan, A., Yamauchi, K. and Thongwittaya, N. (2002), Intestinal morphology and enteral nutrient absorption of pigeon pea seed meal in piglets. Animal Science Journal, 73, 509–516.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Mubarak, AE., 2005. Nutritional composition and antinutritional factors of mung bean seeds (Phaseolus aureus) as affected by some home traditional processes. Food Chemistry 89, 489–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. NRC, 1994. Nutrient requirement of poultry, 9th edition. National Academic of Sciences- Nutritional Research Council. Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  28. Nwokolo, E., 1987. Nutritional evaluation of pigeon pea meal. Plants Food for Human Nutrition 37, 283 - 290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Onu, PN and Okongwu, SN., 2006. Performance Characteristics and Nutrient Utilization of Starter broilers fed raw and processed pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 32, 45-49Google Scholar
  30. Onu, PN., FN Madubuike., BO Esonu and DO Onu., 2001. The effect of wild cocoyam (Caladium bicolor) on the performance and internal organ weight of finisher broilers. Journal of Science, Agriculture, Food, Technology and Environment 1, 19-24.Google Scholar
  31. Ortiz, L., T Alzertac., Trevino, J and Castano, M., 1994. Effect of faba bean tannin on the growth and histological structure of the internal tract and liver of chicks and rats. Poultry Science 35, 743 – 754.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pond, NG., Church, DC and Pond, K R., 1995. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding. John Wiley and Sons. New York.Google Scholar
  33. Saeed, M.S., Khadiga, A and Abdel, A., 2007. Inclusion of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan) seed on broiler chick's diet. Research Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 2, 1-4CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sandberg, A S., 2002. In vitro and in vivo degradation of phytate. In: N. R. Reddy and S. K. Sathe (Eds.), Food phytates (pp. 139z–155). Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  35. SAS, 1996. SAS User's Guide Statistics. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.Google Scholar
  36. Schalm, OW., Jain NC., Qureshi MQ., 1975. Veterinary Hematology, 3rd ed. Lea and Fibiger, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  37. SPSS, 1999. Statistical Package for Social Sciences. SPSS for Microsoft Windows Release 6.0 Users manual.Google Scholar
  38. Udedibie, ABI and Carlini, CR., 2000. Relative effects of dry and most heat treatment on hemagglutinating and antitryptic activities of selected legume grains. Nigerian Poultry Science Journal 1, 81-87.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abimbola Oladele Oso
    • 1
  • Olusegun Mark Obawale Idowu
    • 1
  • Adebayo Vincent Jegede
    • 1
  • Wasiu A. Olayemi
    • 2
  • Olubukola A. Lala
    • 3
  • Adeyemi Mustapha Bamgbose
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Livestock ProductionUniversity of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria
  2. 2.College of Science and TechnologyLagosNigeria
  3. 3.IFSERAR CenterUniversity of AgricultureAbeokutaNigeria

Personalised recommendations