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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 729–739 | Cite as

Methane mitigation from ruminants using tannins and saponins

  • Gunjan Goel
  • Harinder P. S. MakkarEmail author
Review Article

Introduction

The ruminal methane production is a by-product of the microbial digestive process and represents a loss of 2–12% of the feed energy. Furthermore, emission of methane is considered as one of the most important global environmental issues (IPCC 2001). Therefore, decreasing methane production is desirable for reducing the greenhouse gas emission with improved efficiency of the digested energy utilization (Johnson and Johnson 1995). A previous report by Kurihara et al. (1999) indicated that methane energy loss in cattle fed on tropical forage diets was higher than in those fed on temperate forage diets, due to relative high levels of fibre and lignin and a low level of non-fibre carbohydrate in tropical forages. Also, the livestock in developing countries are predominantly maintained on a high-roughage diet with little or no concentrate resulting in increased ruminal methanogenesis. Therefore, the use of browse species containing secondary compounds as feed supplement rich in...

Keywords

Methane Tannins Saponins Rumen fermentation 

Abbreviations

BCM

Bromochloromethane

BW

Body weight

CT

Condensed tannins

DDMI

Digestible dry matter intake

DE

Digestible energy

DM

Dry matter

DMI

Dry matter intake

GE

Gross energy

HT

Hydrolysable tannins

MR

Methane reduction on volume basis

MRTD

Methane reduction on truly degraded substrate basis

OMD

Organic matter digestibility

PSM

Plant secondary metabolites

QSE

Quillaja saponaria extract

SCFAs

Short-chain fatty acids

TP

Total phenols

TT

Total tannins

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria for partly financing the work under Technical Contract 15363.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Animal Production in the Tropics and Subtropics (480b)University of HohenheimStuttgartGermany
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyMaharishi Markandeshwar UniversityMullanaIndia
  3. 3.Food and Agriculture OrganisationAGASRomeItaly

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