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Seroepidemiological study of bovine respiratory viruses (BRSV, BoHV-1, PI-3V, BVDV, and BAV-3) in dairy cattle in central region of Iran (Esfahan province)

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Abstract

Respiratory diseases in calves are responsible for major economic losses in both beef and dairy production. Several viruses, such as bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), bovine herpes virus-1 (BoHV-1), bovine parainfluenza virus-3 (BPI-3V), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), and bovine adenoviruses (BAV), are detected in most clinical cases with respiratory signs. The aim of this study is to define seroprevalences of five major viral causes of bovine respiratory infections in cattle in central region of Iran (Esfahan province). The population targeted was 642 dairy cows (Holstein–Friesian) from 25 farms. Samples of blood serum from female cattle were examined. Sera were tested by commercial ELISA kits to detect antibody against BRSV, BoHV-1, BPI-3V, BVDV, and BAV-3. The results were analyzed by Chi-square test. In the present study, seroprevalences of BRSV, BoHV-1, PI3V, BVDV, and BAV-3 were 51.1%, 72%, 84.4%, 49.2%, and 55.6%, respectively. The present study shows that infections of bovine respiratory viruses are very common in cattle in Esfahan.

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Acknowledgements

I would like to express my gratitude to all the people who supported and assisted us in developing this study. Dr. Keyvan Tadayon is much thanked for helping us to submit the manuscript. This work was performed under the auspices of the Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute (RVSRI) of Iran.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have agreed that there is no conflict of interest between them.

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Correspondence to Edris Shirvani.

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Shirvani, E., Lotfi, M., Kamalzadeh, M. et al. Seroepidemiological study of bovine respiratory viruses (BRSV, BoHV-1, PI-3V, BVDV, and BAV-3) in dairy cattle in central region of Iran (Esfahan province). Trop Anim Health Prod 44, 191–195 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9908-z

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Keywords

  • Seroepidemiology
  • Viral bovine respiratory infections
  • ELISA
  • Esfahan