Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 44, Issue 5, pp 1057–1062 | Cite as

Fattening performance and carcass traits of Chios male lambs fed under traditional and intensive feeding conditions

  • Sibel Soycan Önenç
  • Mürsel Özdoğan
  • Funda Erdoğan Ataç
  • Turgay Taşkın
Original Research


This study was carried out to compare the fattening performance and carcass traits of Chios male lambs fed under traditional and intensive feeding conditions. In the study, a total of 34 lambs were randomly separated into traditional (T) and intensive (I) groups in equal numbers. Lambs in group T were fed on ration prepared in local style and grazed in olive grove for 8 h/day. On the other hand, lambs in group I were fed on 255 g alfalfa hay animal−1 day−1 and ad libitum mixed feed. After a period of 8 weeks, lambs were transported to the slaughterhouse. The results showed that Chios lambs fed under intensive conditions has better performance and produced heavier carcass compared to those fed under traditional conditions. However, consumption of concentrate feed mixture was about twice as much in group I as in group T. Total feed consumption and feed conversion ratio was similar in each group. The values of carcass traits of lambs in group I were found to be significantly higher than those of group T. On the other hand, carcass fat thickness was slightly lower in group T. Traditional condition is considered to respond to better to consumer demands for lean lamb carcass.


Chios lamb Traditional feeding Intensive feeding Fattening performance Carcass quality 



This study was financed under a project supported by the Ege University Research Fund (project no: 2008-ZRF-036).


  1. Almeida, A.M. 2011. The Damara in the context of Southern Africa fat-tailed sheep breeds. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43, 1427–1441.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altınel, A., Evrim, M., Özcan, M., Başpınar, H. and Deligözlü, F., 1998. Studies on possibility of producing high quality lambs by crossbreeding among Sakız, Kıvırcık and German Black Headed mutton sheep. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 22, 257–265.Google Scholar
  3. AOAC, 2011. Official Methods of Analysis, 18th edition (revision 4). Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  4. Arsenos, G., Banos, G., Fortomaris, P., Katsaounis, K., Stamataris, C., Tsaras L. and Zygoyiannis N., 2002. Eating quality of lambs meat: effects of breed, sex degree of maturity and nutritional management. Meat Science, 60, 379–387.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cañeque, V., Pérez, C., Velasco, S., Dıaz, M.T., Lauzurica, S., Álvarez, I., Ruiz de Huidobro, F., Onega, E. and De la Fuente J. 2004. Carcass and meat quality of light lambs using principal component analysis. Meat Science, 67,4, 595–605.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Demirel, M., Erdoğan, S., Yılmaz, A. and Bakıcı, Y., 2005. Fattening performance characteristics of Karakas and Norduz lambs grazed and fed concentrate in addition to grazing. Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversity Journal of Health Science Instute, 8, 1–2, 24–32.Google Scholar
  7. Ekiz, B., Yilmaz, A., Ozcan, M., Kaptan, C., Hanoglu, H., Erdogan, I. and Yalcintan, H., 2009. Carcass measurements and meat quality of Turkish Merino, Ramlic, Kivircik, Chios and Imroz lambs raised under an intensive production system. Meat Science, 82, 64–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Esen, F. and Yıldız, N., 2000. Production characteristics of White Karaman, Chios × White Karaman (F1) crossbred lambs: II. Fattening performance, slaughter and carcass characteristics. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, 24, 215–222.Google Scholar
  9. Fedele, V., Claps, S., Rubino, R., Clandrelli, M. and Pilla, A.M., 2002. Effect of free-choice and traditional feding systems on goat feding behaviour and intake. Livestock Production Science, 74, 19–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fisher, A.V. and De Boer, H., 1994. The EAAP standard method of sheep carcass assessment. Carcass measurements and dissection procedures report of the EAAP working group on carcass evaluation in cooperation with the CIHEAM Instituto Agronomico Mediterraneo of Zaragoza and the CEC Directorate General for Agriculture in Brussels. Livestock Production Science, 38,3, 149–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hawkins, R.R., Kemp, J.D., Ely, D.G., Fox, J.D., Moody, W.G. and Vimini, R.J., 1985. Carcass and meat characteristics of crossbred lambs born to ewes of different genetic types and slaughtered at different weights. Livestock Production Science, 12, 241–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kashan, N.E.J., Azar, G.H.M., Afzalzadeh, A. and Salehi, A., 2005. Growth performance and carcass quality of fattening lambs from fat-tailed and tailed sheep breeds. Small Ruminant Research, 60, 267–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Mignolet, C., Saintot, D. and Benoit, M., 1997. Livestock farming system diversity and groundwater quality modelling at a regional scale. In: Sörensen, J.T. (ed.), Livestock Farming Systems. More than Food Production. European Association for Animal Production, Wageningen Pers, pp. 313–318. Publ. No: 89. Wageningen, Holland.Google Scholar
  14. Miranda-de la Lama, G.C., Villarroel, M., Campo, M.D., Olleta, J.L., Sañudo, C., María, G.A. 2011. Effects of double transport and season on sensorial aspects of lamb’s meat quality in dry climates. Tropical Animal Heaalth and Production, 44, 21–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. NRC, 1985. Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, Sixth revised edition. National Academy Press. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  16. Olaizola, A.M., Chertouh, T. and Manrique, E., 2008. Adoption of a new feding technology in Mediterranean sheep farming systems: implications and economic evaluation. Small Ruminant Research, 79, 137–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Oliván, M., Sierra, V., Castro, P., Martinez, A., Celeya, R. and Osoro, K., 2009. Carcass and meat quality from yearling bulls managed under organic or conventional systems. 60 th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science EAAP 2009. Session 05. 24 August, p. 38, Barcelona, Spain.Google Scholar
  18. Özbey, O., Esen, F. and Aysöndü, M.H., 2000. Production characteristics of Kıvırcık x (Chios x Red Karaman) F1 and Chios × (Kıvırcık × Red Karaman) F1 crossbreed lambs: II. Fattening performance and carcass characteristics. Yüzüncü Yıl University Veterinary Faculty Journal, 11, 2, 34–40.Google Scholar
  19. Peña, F., Cano, T., Domenech V., Alcalde Ma J., Martos J., Garcia-Martinez A., Herrera M. and Rodero E., 2005. Influence of sex, slaughter weight and carcass weight on non-carcass and carcass quality in Segurena lambs. Small Ruminant Research, 60, 247–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pourlis, A.F., 2011. A Review of morphological characteristics relating to the production and reproduction of fat-tailed sheep breeds. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43, 1267–1287.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Prioloa, A., Micol, D., Agabriel, J., Prachea, S. and Dransfieldb, E., 2002. Effect of grass or concentrate feeding systems on lamb carcass and meat quality. Meat Science, 62, 179–185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rosa, H.J.D., Rego, O.A., Evangelho, L.R., Silava, C.C.G., Borba, A.E.S. and Bessa, R.J.B., 2009. Growth performance and carcass characteristics of Holstein bulls reared exclusively on grass or finished with ground maize. 60 th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science, EAAP 2009. Session S05. 24 August, p. 40, Barcelona, Spain.Google Scholar
  23. Santos, V.A.C., Mendes, I.A. and Bessa, R.J.B., 2002. The effect of genotype, feeding system and slaughter weight on the quality of light lambs: 1. Growth carcass composition and meat quality. Livestock Production Science, 76, 17–25.Google Scholar
  24. SPSS, 1999. SPSS for Windows, advanced statistics release 10. Chigago, IL, USA.Google Scholar
  25. Sundrum, A, 2001. Organic livestock farming a critical review. Livestock Production Science, 67, 207–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Yilmaz, A., Ekiz, B., Ozcan, M., Kaptan, C., Hanoglu, H., Erdoğan, I., Kocak, O., 2009. Carcass traits of improved and indigenous lamb breeds of Norh-Western Turkey under an intensive production system. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 8, 663–675.Google Scholar
  27. Zervas, G., Hadjigeorgiou I., Zabeli G., Koutsotolis K. and Tziala C., 1999. Comparison of a grazing- with an indoor-system of lamb fattening in Greece. Livestock Science, 61, 245–251CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sibel Soycan Önenç
    • 1
  • Mürsel Özdoğan
    • 2
  • Funda Erdoğan Ataç
    • 3
  • Turgay Taşkın
    • 3
  1. 1.Animal Science Department, Agriculture FacultyNamık Kemal UniversityTekirdağTurkey
  2. 2.Animal Science Department, Agriculture FacultyAdnan Menderes UniversityAydınTurkey
  3. 3.Animal Science Department, Agriculture FacultyEge UniversityIzmirTurkey

Personalised recommendations