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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 1643–1647 | Cite as

Causes of calf mortality in peri-urban area of Nairobi, Kenya

  • George K. GitauEmail author
  • Joshua W. Aleri
  • Paul G. Mbuthia
  • Charles M. Mulei
Original Research

Abstract

The study reported data from 507 post-mortem records in the Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, Kenya. The records were from carcasses obtained from the peri-urban area of Nairobi during a 20-year period between 1990 and 2009. Approximately 80% (393/507) of the calf carcasses had their diagnosis made through post-mortem examination, while the rest (114/507) were inconclusive. Just less than half (48.3%) of the calf carcasses presented had their age specified by the owners compared to 51.7% whose age was not specified. For calf carcasses whose age was specified by the owners, those indicated as more than 3 months were one-and-a-half times as many as those below 3 months old. The proportion of female carcasses (53.8%, 273/507) presented for post-mortem were slightly higher than the male carcasses (46.2%, 234/507). Diseases or conditions of the respiratory system were the most common 17.7% (97/507) while gastrointestinal tract (GIT) was second and affected 16.1% (88/507) of the cases. Another small number, 3.3% (18/507), died from bloat giving the total cases associated with GIT as 19.4% (106/507). Severe calf malnutrition and septicaemia were the third most reported causes of calf mortality in similar proportions at 14.3% (78/507) and 14.4% (79/507), respectively. Other minor causes of calf mortality were tick-borne diseases 8.6% (47/507), helminthiasis and poisoning, 2.9% (16/507) and 1.8% (10/507), respectively.

Keywords

Cause Calf mortality Peri-urban Nairobi Kenya 

Notes

Acknowledgment

The authors thank all members of staff of the Departments of Clinical Studies and Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, both present and past, who may have played a role in the diagnostic work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • George K. Gitau
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joshua W. Aleri
    • 1
  • Paul G. Mbuthia
    • 2
  • Charles M. Mulei
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of NairobiNairobiKenya

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