Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Production benefits of the crossbreeding of indigenous and non-indigenous ducks—growing and laying period body weight and production performance

  • 147 Accesses

  • 5 Citations

Abstract

To evaluate different crosses and purebreds ducks in respect to various economic traits and to estimate different crossbreeding genetic parameters, a 3 × 3 complete diallel cross involving indigenous duck (DD), Khaki Campbell (KK) and White Pekin (WW) were used to produce three purebreds (DD, KK, WW) three crossbreds (DK, DW, KW) and three reciprocals (KD, WD, WK). A total of 609 ducklings produced were reared on deep litter and the females (316 in number) were evaluated for growing and laying period body weight along with the production performance traits. Different crossbreeding genetic parameters were estimated for different traits. All the traits in respect to body weight gain during growing and laying period and different production traits including laying house mortality rate showed significant (p ≤ 0.05) difference between different genetic groups. In general, crossbreds perform better than the purebreds for most of the traits studied. General combining ability (GCA), specific combining ability (SCA) and reciprocal effect (RE) were significant (p ≤ 0.01) for body weight and production traits. Egg weight showed significant (p ≤ 0.01) difference in respect to GCA, SCA and RE for all the ages of measurement except RE for 30th week egg weight. Laying period mortality rate was only significant (p ≤ 0.05) for SCA. Most of the crossbreds recorded heterosis rate in desirable direction for majority of the traits. Overall results revealed that the crossbreds perform well in respect to different traits than the purebreds and may be used to take advantage of heterosis. DW performs well in respect to majority of the traits measured and is of importance for commercial exploitation. Further, pure line selection with development of specialised sire and dam line followed by crossing may be of importance to enhance the performances in the crosses.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Abbreviations

DD:

indigenous duck

KK:

Khaki Campbell

WW:

White Pekin

DW:

indigenous duck X White Pekin

DK:

indigenous duck X Khaki Campbell

KD:

Khaki Campbell X indigenous duck

KW:

Khaki Campbell X White Pekin

WD:

White Pekin X indigenous duck

WK:

White Pekin X Khaki Campbell

FCR:

feed conversion ratio

GCA:

general combining ability

RE:

reciprocal effect

SCA:

specific combining ability

References

  1. Aggarwal, C.K., Mohapatra, S.C., Sinha S.P., Sharma, P.N., and Ajuja, S.D., 1979. Estimation of combining ability in broilers from a full diallel cross. British Poultry Science, 20, 185-190

  2. Banga-Mboko, H., Lelou, B., Maes, D., Leroy, P.L 2007. Indigenous Muscovy ducks in Congo Brazzaville. 2. Preliminary observations on indigenous Muscovy ducks reared under moderate inputs in Congolese condition. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 39, 123-129

  3. Baruah, K.K., Sharma, P.K., and Bora, N.N., 1991. Egg production of indigenous, Khaki Campbell ducks and their cross. Indian Journal of Poultry Science, 26, 193-197

  4. Cheng, Y. S., Rouvier, R, Hu, H. Tai, J. J. L. and Tai, C. 2003. Breeding and genetics of waterfowl. World’s Poultry science Journal, 59, 509-519

  5. Duncan, D.B. 1955 New multiple range and F test. Biometrics, 11, 1-4

  6. Dutta, K.K., Goswami, R.N., and Pathak, J.N., 1995. Age at sexual maturity and certain egg quality traits of Khaki Campbell ducks under three management systems. Indian Poultry Review, 26, 25-29

  7. Eswaran, K.R., ramakrishnan, A. Venugopalan, C.K., and Nair, G.R., 1984. Comparative performance of Khaki Campbell and Desi ducks. 1. Growth and age at sexual maturity. Indian Journal of Poultry Science, 19, 70-73

  8. Eswaran, K.R., Ramakrishnan, A. Venugopalan, C.K., and Nair, G.R., 1985. Comparative performance of Khaki Campbell and Desi ducks.2. Egg production, feed efficiency and egg quality. Indian Journal of Poultry Science, 20, 42-45

  9. Fairfull, R.W., Gowe, R.S., and Emsley, J.A., 1983. Diallel cross of six long-term selected leghorn strains with emphasis on heterosis and reciprocal effects. British Poultry Science, 24,133-158

  10. Giffing B. 1956. Concept of general and specific combining ability in relation to diallel cross system. Australian Journal of Biological Science. 9, 963-983

  11. Gonzalez, D.A., Marta, B. 1980. Duck breeding in Venezuela. Tropical Animal Production, 5,191-194

  12. Hagger, C. 1985. Line and crossing effects in a diallel mating system with highly inbred lines of White Leghorn chickens. Theoritical and Applied Genetics, 70,555-560

  13. Harvey, W.R., 1975. Least square analysis of data with unequal subclass number. USDA, ARSH-4

  14. Marie-Etamcelin, C., Chapuis, H., Brun, J.M., Larzul, C., Mialon-Richard, M.M., Rouvier, R. 2008. Genetics and selection of mule ducks in France: a review. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 64,187-207

  15. Nageswar, A.R., Ramasuba Reddy, V. Reddy, V.R., 2005. Performance of indigenous, Khaki Campbell and their reciprocal crossbred layer ducks under different management system. British Poultry Science, 46, 424-429

  16. Nageswar, A.R., Ramasuba Reddy, V. Reddy, V.R., 2007. Influence of supplementary feeding on the performance of ducks under traditional management. Indian Journal of Poultry Science,42, 101-104

  17. Nath, M., Singh, B.P., Saxena, V.K., Singh R.V., 2007. Analysis of crossbreeding parameters for juvenile body weight in broiler chicken. Journal of Applied Animal Research, 32, 101-106

  18. Okruszek, A., Ksiazkiewicz, J., Woloszyn, J., Kisiel, T., Okrusz, A., Biernat, J. 2006. Effect of laying period and duck origin on egg characteristics. Archives of Tierz Dummerstorf, 49, 400-410

  19. Padhi, M K., Panda, B K., Giri, S.C., and Sahoo, S. K., 2009a. Evaluation of Khaki Campbell, Desi ducks of Orissa and their crossbred for important economic traits. Indian Journal of Animal Science,79, 52-57

  20. Padhi, M.K., Panda, B.K., and Sahoo, S.K., 2009b. Comparative performance of Khaki Campbell, Desi ducks and their crossbreds. Indian Veterinary Journal, 86, 942-945

  21. Padhi, M.K., Panda, B.K., and Sahoo, S.K., 2009c. Combining ability analysis for different egg quality traits in ducks. Proceeding IV World Waterfowl conference, Thrissur, India, 108-116

  22. Pingel, H. 1990. Genetic of growth and meat production in waterfowl. In Poultry Breeding and Genetics. (Edited by R D., Crawford, Elsevier, Amsterdam) 691-704

  23. Purwanti, S., Kurnianto, E., Johari, S., Sutopo, S., Shinjo, A. 2009. Partial diallel cross analysis for quantitative traits of three chicken breeds. Journal of Indonesian Tropical agriculture, 34, 57-64

  24. Schinckel, A.P., Adeola, O., Eienstein, M.E. 2005. Evaluation of alternative non-linear mixed effects models of duck growth. Poultry Science, 84, 256-264.

  25. Velez, A., Brun, T.M., Rouvier, R. 1996. Crossbreeding effects on reproductive traits in two strains of ducks (Anas platyrhynchos): brown Tsaiya and Pekin. British Poultry Science, 37, 571-577.

  26. Wolf. J. and Knizetova, H. 1994. Crossbreeding effects for body weights and carcass traits in Pekin ducks. British Poultry Science, 35, 33-45.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Mahendra Kumar Padhi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Padhi, M.K. Production benefits of the crossbreeding of indigenous and non-indigenous ducks—growing and laying period body weight and production performance. Trop Anim Health Prod 42, 1395–1403 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-010-9597-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Combining ability
  • Crossbreeding
  • Diallel
  • Ducks
  • Heterosis
  • Production