Factors influencing production of hygienic raw milk by small scale dairy producers in selected areas of the Jaffna district, Sri Lanka
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The objective of the study was to investigate the influence of dairy cow management techniques and milking methods on hygienic quality of raw milk. Total Bacterial Count (TBC) and Total Coliform Colonies (TCC) were studied to determine the effects. Investigations were carried out in fifty dairy farms from August 2007 to December 2007. The mean TBC and TCC for the herds with comparatively good and poor management practices were 0.9 × 105 cfu/ml and 0.2 × 103/ml and 99 × 105 cfu/ml and >180 × 103/ml, respectively. The overall mean TBC (22 × 105 cfu/ml) and TCC (47 × 103/ml) obtained in this study exceeded the internationally recommended levels for TBC (105 cfu/ml) and TCC (<1,000/ml). The overall results obtained suggested that the raw milk tested was of poor hygienic quality with the presence of a great variability among milk samples.
KeywordsRaw milk Hygienic quality Dairy microbiology Total bacterial count Total coliform count
Authors willing to express their sincere gratitude to Dr.K.Sivapalan Dean Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna for allowing them to carry out the microbial analysis at the Pathology Laboratory and Mr.P.Thevapatham, Staff Technical Officer, Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Jaffna for his continuous help in the laboratory analysis.
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