The wild ostrich (Struthio camelus): a review

  • R. G. Cooper
  • Kh. M. A. Mahrose
  • J. O. Horbańczuk
  • R. Villegas-Vizcaíno
  • S. Kennou Sebei
  • A. E. Faki Mohammed


The aim of the current report was to study the literature pertinent to wild populations of ostriches and their ecological and behavioural adaptations in the wild. Selected areas included palaeontology; ostrich distribution; conservation status and relationships with humans and habitat. There is an immediate and urgent need to conserve and protect the apparently rapidly declining populations of wild ostriches with the committed involvement of governments and funding bodies. Wildlife management is an important complement to the farming of livestock. Scientists need to understand the elements of ostrich behaviour in the wild in order to make informed decisions on their management and contact with other animals. Information of the like should be included in readily-accessible and annually updated wildlife manuals. We deemed that such information was an essential part in the conservation of this dwindling ratite.


Conservation Distribution Ecology Evolution Ostrich Subspecies Wild 



The assistance of Dr.’s M. Tisljar and H. Lambrechts, and Ms. D. Koen is thanked. In southern Sudan, the 2007 aerial ostrich survey was completed by Dr.'s J.M. Fay and P. Elkan, and Mr. M. Marjan.

Conflict of interest

None recorded


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. G. Cooper
    • 1
  • Kh. M. A. Mahrose
    • 2
  • J. O. Horbańczuk
    • 3
  • R. Villegas-Vizcaíno
    • 4
  • S. Kennou Sebei
    • 5
  • A. E. Faki Mohammed
    • 6
  1. 1.Physiology DivisionBirmingham City UniversityBirminghamUK
  2. 2.Department of Poultry, Faculty of AgricultureZagazig UniversitySharkiaEgypt
  3. 3.Institute of Genetics and Animal BreedingPolish Academy of SciencesKosowskaPoland
  4. 4.Universidad Autónoma Agraria Antonio NarroTorreón CoahMéxico
  5. 5.Ecole Supérieure d’Agriculture de MograneZaghouanTunisie
  6. 6.Ministry of Science & TechnologyAnimal Resources Research Corporation, Wild Life Research CentreKhartoumSudan

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