Gender issues in livestock production: a case study of Zimbabwe

  • Anna C. Mupawaenda
  • Shingirai Chawatama
  • Plaxidia Muvavarirwa
Review Paper


The importance of main streaming gender issues in development programmes is now recognized by governments and development agents. This paper evaluates the role of gender in smallholder livestock production using Zimbabwe as a case study. It draws on several studies and assesses the gender dimension in terms of access and control, decision making and, division of labour. It is shown that for mainly traditional and historical reasons men continue to dominate livestock production although the situation is gradually changing. Men eclipse women in terms of ownership of more valuable stock, the making of decisions and the control of livestock production. This suggests that gender is important in livestock production and must be considered among other factors. The complexity of the system is noted but more gender disaggregated quantitative data is required if gender is to be effectively mainstreamed in livestock development programmes.


Livestock ownership Socioeconomic roles HIV/AIDS Access to resources Decision making Division of labour Means of production 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna C. Mupawaenda
    • 1
  • Shingirai Chawatama
    • 1
  • Plaxidia Muvavarirwa
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Development StudiesUniversity of ZimbabweHarareZimbabwe
  2. 2.Education Services CentreWomen’s University in AfricaHarareZimbabwe

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