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Tropical Animal Health and Production

, Volume 41, Issue 5, pp 807–818 | Cite as

Recovery from adverse effects of heat stress on slow-growing chicks in the tropics 1: Effect of ascorbic acid and different levels of betaine

  • Y. A. AttiaEmail author
  • R. A. Hassan
  • E. M. A. Qota
Original Paper

Abstract

Three hundreds, 21 d-old slow-growing chicks were randomly divided among 5 treatments, of 5 replicates each. Each replicate contained 12 unsexed chicks housed in (1 × 1) a floor pen. A group was kept under thermoneutral condition at 28 ± 4°C and RH was 55 ± 3% during 21–84 d of age (positive control) and fed corn-soybean meal diet. The other four groups were kept for three successive days per week under heat stress (HS) at 38 ± 1.4°C and 49 ± 2% RH from 12.00 to 16.00 pm. Chicks in HS treatments were fed corn-soybean meal diet without (negative control) or with 250 mg AA/kg diet and Bet at 0.5 and 1 g/kg diet. HS decreased productive performance, increased (P < 0.05) meat dry matter, plasma triglyceride and serum calcium whereas decreased (P > 0.05) plasma glucose, serum total protein and water holding capacity (WHC) of meat. AA and 1 g of Bet/kg diet was equally potent for partial relief (P < 0.05) of the negative effect of HS on growth, increased (P < 0.05) feed intake, protein digestibility (P < 0.05), dressing out percentage, liver and giblets, whilst improved (P < 0.05) feed conversion ratio (FCR). Also, a complete recovery from the negative effect (P < 0.05) of HS shown on plasma glucose and partial recovery (P < 0.05) observed in total protein, triglyceride, blood pH, packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin (Hgb), rectal temperature (RT) and respiration rate (RR) and improved humoral immune competence to sheep red blood cell (SBRCs) test.

Keywords

Ascorbic acid Betaine Heat stress Productive and physiological traits 

Abbreviations

AA

ascorbic acid

BWG

body weight gain

Bet

Betaine

Ca

calcium

CA

crude ash

CP

crude protein

CF

crude fibre

D

day

DM

dry matter

EE

ether extract

FCR

feed conversion ratio

Hgb

hemoglobin

hr

hour

HS

heat stress

LSD

least significant difference

NRC

National Research Council

OM

organic matter

pH

hydrogen power

P

probability level

RT

rectal temperature

RR

respiration rate

SAA

sulphur amino acid

SD

standard deviation

SRBCs

sheep red blood cells

wk

week

WHC

water holding capacity

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal and Poultry Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Damanhour BranchAlexandria UniversityDamanhourEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Poultry Nutrition, Animal production Research InstituteAgriculture Research Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Land reclamationDamanhourEgypt

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